Ptolemy the Sixth, the title name is Philomator (meaning the lover of his mother).
Ptolemy the Sixth was declared king to the throne, the title name is Philomator (meaning the lover of his mother), and his sister Cleopatra II and his younger brother Ptolemy VII participated with him in the rule. During his reign, Rome (an ally of Egypt) attacked the ancient kingdom of Macedonia and engaged in a great war with the army of Perseus, the king of the ancient kingdom of Macedonia. The king of Syria preoccupied Rome, which Egypt is under its control, occupied Egypt completely, and followed it to his rule, and took Ptolemy VI the young captive, and declared himself king over the Nile Valley. Ptolemy VI took power under the tutelage of his mother, Queen Cleopatra the First, until 176 BC. M . When the queen mother died, Ptolemy VI became the only ruler and two of the freed palace slaves took over, namely "Julius" and "Linnaeus". When the king reached the age of fifteen, he married his sister, "Cleopatra II", and crowned himself king in 172 BC. M . He bore the nickname "Philometer", meaning lover of his mother.
Ptolemy VI's foreign policy, and Ptolemy VI assuming the throne, Egypt's foreign policy changed. Cleopatra I was calling for the neutrality of Egypt and appeasement of the Seleucids. Antiochus IV, the king of the Seleucid state, all chances of peace by refusing to continue to pay the income of the sub-region of Syria to the Ptolemies according to what was agreed upon in the friendship of his sister upon her marriage to Ptolemy V, and he completely denied the existence of any treaty that would give the Ptolemies ownership of this region, and on the other hand Antiochus IV was He hopes to seize Egypt, or at least impose his tutelage on it. Meanwhile, Rome was preparing to fight a new war against the Macedonian state, so it sent an embassy to Philometor and Antiochus IV to check on their position during this war, and the two kings assured the Roman ambassadors that they would keep their loyalty to Rome. When the war between the Ptolemies and the Seleucids was about to take place, each of the two conflicting parties sent a diplomatic mission to Rome, and Antiochus' envoys to the Senate spoke of challenging the Ptolemies and their principles of aggression. As for the Ptolemaic envoys, they were assigned to renew the friendship between Egypt and Rome. These two embassies indicate the extent of Rome's influence in the eastern Mediterranean, and Rome must have used all its political shrewdness in feeding the war between the Ptolemies and the Seleucids to ensure that they weakened together and did not interfere in its war against Macedonia.
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