For over twenty years (1490-1468), a woman ruled Egypt: Hatshepsut. She is not the first pharaoh woman; it had already happened the first time during the Old Kingdom and a second time during the Middle Kingdom. But the two previous pharaoh women had reigned in times of crisis, which had followed splendid periods. On the other hand, Hatshepsut was the head of a rich and powerful era in Egypt.
Hatshepsut inherited the father's energetic character. She married the son he had from a concubine, Thutmose II, whose reign was rather short (1493-1490). During his first year in government, a riot broke out in Nubia. The pharaoh is angry when told that some raiders have stolen cattle and that certain tribes have dared to attack several fortresses. His anger is terrible. He goes up the Nile with the army and kills the rebels. Only one of them was saved: the son of a chief who, taken prisoner in Thebes (Luxor nowadays), acclaims the winning soldiers.
The young king, whose career seemed promising, dies early. His death puts Egypt in a difficult situation. Thutmose II leaves two daughters and a son, the future Thutmose III. But he is still a child, unable to carry out the difficult task for which he is destined. Then takes the regent Hatshepsut: "daughter of the king, sister of the king, bride of god, great royal bride", she will govern the country according to the will of her nephew, as she says.
For the first few years of her stepson’s rule, Hatshepsut was a fully conventional regent. But, by the end of his seventh ruling year, she had been crowned king and adopted a full royal titular.
Throughout her rule, she succeeded in winning over various influential factions, including the clergy, which allowed her to overturn the prohibition against women. Furthermore, despite six military conflicts, her regency was marked by harmony, peace, and her subjects' unwavering devotion.
Best Works of Queen Hatshepsut:
Deir El Bahari
Hatshepsut Temple is one of the most important and beautiful ancient attractions in all of Egypt. It is no less comprehensive than the magnificent architecture you see during the tour of the Giza Pyramids. Hatshepsut temple also known as Djoser-Djeseru was built for the 18th Dynasty (Pharaoh Queen Hatshepsut). And considered the greatest ancient Egyptian achievements. Located on the west bank of the Nile River, Western Thebes, the capital of ancient Egypt during the New Kingdom, The site itself was chosen by Hatshepsut for her temple.
The Temple of El-Dier El-Bahari built by Queen Hatshepsut consists of 3 floors:
In the garden preceding her temple exotic incense trees and shrubs that she imported during her trading campaign to the land of Punt. Today there are no remains of this garden, but one day it must have been amazingly colored with all kinds of domestic and foreign flowers and trees.
Going through a wide ramp that runs all the way from the central section of the initiative courtyard takes the visitors to the second floor. Where they can see two statues of crouching lions flank the entrance to the ramp. Behind the wide terrace, there is a colonnade with two rows of square columns on both sides of the ramp leading to the 3rd level.
Another wide ramp runs from the center of the 2nd courtyard to the 3rd court. You will see a statue of Horus as a falcon stands at both sides of the entrance to the ramp. The upper level of Hatshepsut temple consists of a portico with two rows of columns facing the front behind which there is a central courtyard with small chambers off it. Sin preocuparse de cómo entender los términos clave de la historia egipcia, contaremos con un guía egiptólogo, que responderá a sus preguntas.
- It was a tiring road full of problems for Hatshepsut to take over the rule of Egypt because she was a woman and the rule at that time should have been assumed by a man. Hatshepsut began dealing with all these matters and problems after her father's death at the age of twenty, but she was able to overcome the difficulties and became responsible for the Kingdom at the age of 29.
Hatshepsut and her prestige as queen are considered a symbol of power and intelligence in Egypt, as she ruled Egypt for a very important period.