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Facts About the Luxor Temple | Luxor Temple History

  • 05 16, 2023

Facts About the Luxor Temple 

The ancient Egyptians named Luxor Temple "Southern Sanctuary" because of its location within ancient Thebes (modern Luxor). It's about three kilometers south of Karnak Temple, where it was originally connected by a sphinx-lined procession route. This temple's earliest evidence dates from the 18th Dynasty (c.1550–1295 BC).

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The Temple of Seti I is among the four most significant mortuary temples that were visited by travelers and tourists along with, Queen Hatshepsut Temple or also known as the Temple of El- Deir El Bahari, the Temples of Abu Simbel that were built for King Ramses II and his beloved wife Queen Nefertari, and Ramses III Temple at Medinet Habu; and the two primary cult temples on the East Bank of the Nile which are identified as Karnak Temple and Luxor Temple.

Abu Simbel Temples | Temple of Ramses II

Abu Simbel Temples | Temple of Ramses II


One of the interesting Luxor Temple Facts is the Temple was not constructed for one god or a deity version of the king himself after his death, unlike the other temples in Luxor that were built for the worship of one of the gods of ancient Egypt.

Alternatively, the Luxor temple was dedicated to the renewal of sovereignty; it most probably may have been where several Kings of Egypt were crowned in fact (as in the example of Alexander the Great who claimed that he was crowned in Luxor, but still no real evidence that proves he traveled to the south of Memphis.

king amenhotep III

Luxor Temple History

There are chapels at the back of the temple founded by King Amenhotep III who ruled Egypt during the 18th Dynasty, and even Alexander The Great. Separate parts of the temple were actually built by the golden King Tutankhamun and Ramses II. During the Roman era in Egypt, the temple and its surroundings were a legionary fortification and home for the Roman government in the area.

Amenhotep III built the Temple of Luxor. Amenhotep, son of Habu, was this gigantic complex's chief architect and supervisor. The Temple overlooking the River Nile was constructed on the same site where a slightly smaller temple dedicated to the cult of God Amun was standing, built by the powerful kings of the 12th dynasty. During the reign of King Amenhotep III, Luxor Temple was only 55 meters in width and 190 meters in length. The Temple was dedicated to Amun Ra's triad (Amun, Mut, and Khonso).

The Luxor temple is considered one of the well-preserved temples of all of the ancient monuments with a huge amount of structure, enormous pylons, statuary, and relief carvings still almost intact, making it one of the most remarkable sightseeing not just in Luxor, but in the whole Egypt.

Amenhotep III, who was one of the great builders of ancient Egyptian history, constructed the temple during his reign which lasted from 1390 till 1352 B.C in its current form, though, the temple seems to be one of the various projects that Ramses II did during his long reign. He also stole many existing monuments to add to his own credit by removing the name of the king and adding his name. The statues and carvings that embellish the temple today mainly feature Ramesses II.

Luxor Temple is truly considered a huge ancient Egyptian temple complex that is located on the East Bank of the Nile River in Luxor. You can easily enjoy stopping at the east bank of Luxor during the Nile Cruise Tours in Egypt to listen its history.It was built 3400 years ago during the New Kingdom of Egypt's ancient history. It is known as Ipet Rest in Hieroglyphics, meaning "the southern sanctuary". There are many great temples on the west and east banks of the Nile Valley in Luxor.

Planning any tours to Egypt? or from our varieties of tours from Cairo, you can easily see Luxor Temple with Cairo Top Tours.

No doubt that the Luxor Temple and temple complex of Karnak are the most famous temples in Luxor, and they are both located on the East Bank of the Nile, yet usually visited by tourists from many countries all over the world during Egypt Day Tours. The avenue of Sphinxes connecting the two temples for about 3 kilometers is now under excavation.

In addition, Luxor Temple is one of the most important ancient Egyptian temples, explaining many important Pharaonic events with ancient hieroglyphs and magnificent illustrations. Luxor Temple is one of the most important proofs of the eternity of Pharaonic civilization. Day and night are magnificent, witnessing the transport of statues in majestic processions linked to the religious visits of the ancient pharaohs.

The location of Luxor Temple makes it easy to be visited any time during the day. And even when it is closed it is clearly seen from the Nile Corniche and the city center. The best time to visit the temple is during sunset. Also, there is Colossi of Memnon which amazed the whole world with its design and accurate details, So it is almost the high visited site in Luxor, unfortunately, it is in bad shape but its greatness doesn't even hesitate for a little.

 Egypt is the land of our ancestors because humanity saw the birth of the first philosophical and historical thought of the world.

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Each year, thousands of tourists come to the Luxor Temple to view its stunning architecture and learn about its history. Trying the native cuisine is one of the joys of a vacation to Luxor for many tourists. Be sure to try these three delicacies if you're visiting Egypt :

  • In Egypt, koshari is a delicacy that is well-liked. 
  • Another well-known fava bean dish from Egypt is called medames.
  • A soup is molochia. Rice or bread are frequently served with molochia. 

Luxor Temple dates back to the 14th century BCE, during the reign of Amenhotep III. However, it was continuously expanded and modified by subsequent pharaohs, including Tutankhamun, Ramses II, and Alexander the Great, over a span of centuries.


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