Luxor temple

Luxor Temple History

Luxor Temple is a large Ancient Egyptian temple complex located on the east bank of the Nile River in the city today known as Luxor (ancient Thebes) and was constructed approximately 1400 BC. In the Egyptian language it is known as ipet resyt, "the southern sanctuary". In Luxor there are several great temples on the east and west banks.

Four of the major mortuary temples visited by early travelers and tourists include the Temple of Seti I at Gurnah, Hatshepsut Temple at Deir el Bahri, the Temple of Ramesses the second, and the Temple of Ramesses the third at Medinet Habu; and the two primary cults temples on the east bank are known as Karnak temple and Luxor Temple. Unlike the other temples in Thebes, Luxor temple is not dedicated to a cult god or a deified version of the king in death.


Instead Luxor temple is dedicated to the rejuvenation of kingship; it may have been where many of the kings of Egypt were crowned in reality or conceptually (as in the case of Alexander the Great who claimed he was crowned at Luxor but may never have traveled south of Memphis, near modern Cairo.


To the rear of the temple are chapels built by Amenhotep III of the 18th Dynasty, and Alexander The Great. Other parts of the temple were built by Tutankhamun and Ramesses II. During the Roman era, the temple and its surroundings were a legionary fortress and the home of the Roman government in the area.


Amenhotep III built Luxor Temple. Amenhotep, son of Habu, was the genius architect and overseer of this massive construction. The Temple ran close and parallel to the Nile River, from north to south, and was constructed on the site of a small Temple of Amon, built by the great kings of the 12th dynasty. At the time of Amenhotep III, the Temple was only 190m in length and 55m in width. Luxor Temple was consecrated to Amon Ra's fertility aspect.


The temple is one of the best preserved of all of the ancient monuments with large amounts of the structure, statuary and relief carvings still intact, making it one of the most impressive visits in the Luxor area and all of Egypt. adding significantly to its allure is the juxtaposition that its setting provides. The modern city begins on one side and the Nile drifts by on the other. There are few places in Egypt where one is put so immediately and clearly in touch with extraordinary length of Egypt’s history.


Amenhotep III, one of the great builders of ancient Egypt, constructed the temple during his New Kingdom reign, which lasted from 1390 to 1352 BC. In its current form, however, the temple appears to be one of the many projects the Ramesses II commissioned during his long reign. builder, Ramesses also usurped many existing monuments to add to his own reputation. The statuary and carvings that decorate the temple today mainly feature Ramesses II.


Luxor Temple, along with the temple complex of Karnak, are the most famous temple complexes around Luxor and they are both located on the East Bank of the Nile and heavily pressurized by the tourists' activities during Egypt Day Tours. In ancient times an avenue of sphinxes that ran the entire 3 kilometers between them to connect the two sites. This avenue is currently under excavation, but the section nearest to Luxor Temple has already been restored.


It's location in the heart of Luxor makes Luxor Temple a very easy site to visit at almost any time of the day. Even when it is not open to visitors, the temple is visible during a stroll down the Nile corniche or through downtown Luxor.We recommend visiting the temple around sunset.The complex is beautifully lit in order to highlight the relief carvings and the columns emblazoned against the evening sky make for an incredible photo opportunity


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