Valley of the Queens



A large expanse in the southwest part of the Theban necropolis, the Valley of the Queens, so-called by Champollion, guards the tombs where royal consorts, princes, princesses, and dignitaries of the court were buried. About 70 tombs have been carved out of the rock, of which only a few are open to the public. Discover more with Cairo Top Tours!


The most famous of the tombs is that of Nefertari which for many represents the masterpiece of West Thebes.

Three of the tombs that can be visited belong to the sons of Ramesses III, builder of the great temple of Medinet Habu. The tombs appear as modest catacombs that penetrate the rocky wall and were discovered by an Italian expedition led by Ernesto Schiaparelli at the beginning of the 20th century. Unfortunately, they were already looted at the time, but the interior decorations are preserved in an exceptional way, still constituting a great treasure.

In one of the tombs, the heir to the throne who died of unknown causes at the age of 15 is shown on the paintings in the company of his father, Ramesses III, who introduces him to the gods and guardians of the afterlife. The tomb of Amonherkhepeshef is well preserved, for this reason, it was the main attraction of the valley, before the reopening of the tomb of Queen Nefertari.

Nearby is the Tomb of King Teti, the bride of a pharaoh of the 20th Dynasty. It is a simple tomb but richly decorated with scenes that reproduce Teti and the guardians of the Hereafter, with effigies of Godess Hathor in a mountainous landscape, in human form while pouring water from the Nile to bring Teti back to life.

All these beauties are however obscured by the Tomb of Nefertari, which is by far the most suggestive.

Considered to be the most beautiful tomb in Egypt, the tomb of Queen Nefertiti, the favorite wife of Ramses II, whose name means "The Most Beautiful", was discovered by the Italian archaeologist Ernesto Schiaparelli in 1904. Recently restored to its former glory, it is finely decorated with scenes that evoke the soul's journey into the afterlife.

Would you like to live a journey through ancient Egyptian culture and mythology? you can make it happen and spend a day to visit Abydos, Giza, Luxor, Aswan to see the tombs of the Pharaohs adorned with very clear, detailed and beautifully painted scenes of the various deities of ancient Egypt as well as many other sites, cities, adventures and things to do in Cairo, you can try and book one of our range of Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages many privately guided groups of Cairo day tours from airport and Egypt day tours to explore the capital city of Egypt, Cairo you can check a lot of Egypt itineraries or go on one of our full Cairo Day tours like:

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