After having your breakfast, meet your private tour guide to explore the site where the first stone pyramid in history is standing, the Step Pyramid of King Djoser, the 2nd king of the 3rd ruling family during the old kingdom of the glorious ancient Egyptian history. Start your sightseeing in Cairo when you arrive at the necropolis of Saqqara to enter the site from the original entrance thanks to the efforts of the French archaeologist Jean Philippe Lauer who spent 70 years restoring the monuments of the site of the Step Pyramid. The pyramid got its name because it started from a rectangular mastaba or base in which the burial chamber is 28 meters below, and the queen's burial chamber is 32 meters, then another 5 stories were added above each other to take the form of stairs.
Imhotep, the genius architect who designed the pyramid and held many titles during his lifetime, used the pillared stones exactly the same shape as the original material used by the early Egyptians during that time (reeds-palm trees-wood). Everything that Imhotep built here is destined to the concept of the afterlife, as the soul of the deceased pharaoh could continue to the sky by the support of the offerings and the burial rituals such as the sacred pyramid text. A lot of fancy silver and brass objects were found under the pyramid and were used as offering supports, now are displayed inside the temple of Imhotep on your way out of the Saqqara archaeological site.
You will have access to one of the pyramids of the 6th dynasty kings, the Pyramid of Teti, and the tomb of his son in law Kagemni which is one of the best-preserved tombs of the nobles at Saqqara, inside, you will see different carvings and inscriptions for the daily life scenes like hunting and offering to the gods of ancient Egypt. The pyramid of King Teti is not the perfect-shaped pyramid we are familiar with, but most of a hill above the ground level with a burial shaft underneath.
Have your pleasant lunch in a restaurant in Saqqara before heading now to discover the artifacts displayed in the museum of the most ancient capital of Egypt from 5000 years ago, the ancient city of Memphis, you will see a lot of statues that will amaze you by the high quality of art in ancient Egypt and especially the alabaster sphinx, which is the 2nd biggest among all the sphinxes in ancient Egypt after the Great Sphinx in Giza which is usually visited during the tour to Giza Pyramids, you will also see the huge colossal statue of King Ramses II who ruled Egypt during the new kingdom, the statue is partially broken from the legs but reflects how ancient Egyptian artisans had great knowledge of anatomy.
Now we will see the two beautiful pyramids in Dahshur, the Red Pyramid, and the Bent Pyramid that were built for King Snefru, father of Cheops who built the greatest pyramid in Giza.
You will be transferred back to your hotel for an overnight stay.
Meals: Breakfast, Lunch