Bahariya Oasis is located 330 km southwest of Cairo and 180 km from the Nile Valley, on a natural depression of 2000 km2, in a mountainous site. In ancient times Bahariya was considered a bridge between Egypt and Libya, ruled by a Libyan family under the control of the Pharaohs of the 26th Dynasty. It was called 'Little Oasis' as opposed to Kharga. This "northern" oasis was always fertile, producing wine from the Middle Kingdom, a wine press was discovered with its crushing zone, which suggests that the northern oases were covered with vines that provided a popular wine on the tables of Greece and Rome. Dates, citrus fruits, onions and poultry - especially turkeys - are still being shipped to the Nile Valley. The city was prosperous until the fourth century AD. The oasis has abundant hot springs and remains a huge producer of dates. Bahariya is controlled by pharaonic power from the 6th dynasty, as attested by the presence of mastabas in Balat where the governors of the oases rest. In the Middle Kingdom, the trade region with the Nile Valley; a stele of the twelfth dynasty attests to political relations with Abydos and Thebes. Later, after the fall of the 13th Dynasty, a Kamose stele, discovered in 1954 in the Karnak Temple, tells us that Apopi, king of the Hyksos, sends a message to the Prince of Kush to attack Egypt from the south. The messenger and his message are intercepted by Kamose; Egypt can be reassured. In the 18th dynasty, Thutmose III reorganized the control of the oases. The stele of Intef (in the Louvre) recognizes the name of Abydos, his authority over the oases, while governors of the oases go to Thinis (Abydos) and Thebes. Texts found in the tombs 39 and 100 of the Valley of the Kings testify well these exchanges between the capital, Thebes, and the oases.
Tourists who come to Egypt prefer to have a Desert Safari Trip to Bahariya Oasis to enjoy one of the most unique Egypt Tours during their stay, or even get to try a White Desert tour from Cairo to have all the information about ancient Egypt and try the travelers choice of the top things to do in Egypt.