The Citadel of Qaitbey



The citadel of Qaitbay in Alexandria is considered one of the most important defensive fortresses, not only in Egypt but also along the Mediterranean coast. It was an important part of the fortifications of Alexandria in the 15th century AD.


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The mediaeval fortress of Qaitbey was founded on the Pharos island in the 15th century, where the famous Pharos Lighthouse of Alexandria stood, built on the ruins of the ancient Lighthouse. It is in an ideal location, at the end of a narrow strip of land extending into the Eastern Port of Alexandria. The lighthouse, which had stood for nearly two centuries, was already in ruins in the 15th century.

In 1480 the Mamluk sultan Qaitbey decided to make use of its still solid foundations to establish a coastal stronghold against the Turks, what remains nowadays from the fortress is nothing faithful to its first structure, as it suffered against heavy naval attack by the British armies, after which it was largely rebuilt. The fortress no longer had military functions for a very long time, now, it houses a small naval museum

the citadel of Qaitbey had an important role in the British occupation of Egypt the British navy soldiers coming through the Mediterranean and the Egyptian soldiers were up to the fortress of Qaitbay defending the country so that it does not enter the British navy in the 19th century

The Fortress of Qaitbay can be approached along a path, a place admired the most by Alexandrian fishermen. Through a checkpoint, you enter the surrounding courtyard, which along with a small restaurant, has some galleries and rooms to be examined, however, the main tower endures as its principal point.

To enter, you will have to go through a door built from large granite parts, most probably obtained from the ancient lighthouse. Inside, on three floors, it is possible to appreciate numerous artifacts and aquatic finds, including some objects belonging to Napoleon's fleet which sunk in Alexandria's enlargement with an extraordinary naval strategist by Admiral Nelson in 1798. 
A big part of the fortress was used as a mosque and for four centuries the walls were dominated by the minaret until it was destroyed by the English navy. It is considered the oldest mosque ever built in Alexandria, but it is no longer in use.

Discover the Qaitbay Fortress and many other monuments in the city that was built by the legendary Macedonian ruler Alexander the Great in 332 B.C by booking the traditional day tour to Alexandria from Cairo to enjoy the best atmosphere in the whole country of Egypt.

You can also explore the Giza Pyramids with a camel ride from Alexandria to learn about Egyptian History.

Enjoy our selection of Alexandria Shore Excursions and Things to do in Alexandria, Egypt If you're planning any tours to Egypt or from our varieties of tours from Cairo. through this list:

From our Cairo Day Tours, you can have an Alexandria Tour from Cairo or from our Egypt Travel Packagesyou can mix between Cairo and Alexandria Tour Packages
You do not want to miss any Tours of Alexandria, Egypt from Cairo
And while you have time during Egypt Shore Excursions, we can handle a Cairo Day Tour from Alexandria Port or Alexandria City tour from the port
A Day Tour to Giza Pyramids from Alexandria is among our special Cairo Trips, Where you can find some unique tours like the Tour to Islamic Cairo from Alexandria
But if you really want to cover most of the things to do in Cairo, you can book an Overnight trip to Cairo from Alexandria
Cairo tour from Alexandria return to port said is among the suitable Egypt Shore Excursions so that you don't miss your cruise ship.
Have a blissful Nile cruise lunch in Cairo with these special Pyramids and the Nile from Alexandria


Discover the new Grand Egyptian Museum tour from Alexandria to be among the first to visit this huge Museum and other places through our variety of tours below:

 Discover the secrets and sights of Egypt with Cairo Top Tours and enjoy the world's most famous attractions during Egypt travel packages or Egypt day trips that attract tourists from all countries. Try Our Cairo excursions and delve into this vibrant and energetic city, stopping at some of the most visited places in Cairo such as the Giza Pyramidsthe Egyptian Museum & the National Museum of Egyptian civilization. Even if you have a very limited time, visit our Cairo transit tours. We can take you directly on a trip from Cairo airport to NMEC and the Giza pyramids. Relax and experience all the charm and history Egypt has to offer with the most exclusive service and best hotels like Mena House Hotel through our luxury packages or Visit Egypt Budget Tours to enjoy the unexaggerated prices and choose what could be best and suitable for your budget and time, we will be contacting you once you send a message, as well as helping you plan the best itineraries and trip programs. Explore Egypt's enigmatic past at Aswan and the "world's largest open-air museum," Luxor, as you cruise down the Nile River.