Considered one of the most beautiful Islamic military strongholds in the Mediterranean basin, the Qaitbay Citadel in Alexandria was built by Sultan Qaytbay on the ruins of the ancient Alexandria lighthouse to repel a possible invasion by the Ottoman Turks.
The medieval fortress of Qaitbey was constructed in the 15th century on the Pharos island where the famous Pharos Lighthouse of Alexandria was standing, built on the ruins of the ancient Lighthouse. It enjoys a perfect position, at the end of a narrow strip of land extending into the Eastern Port of Alexandria. After having lasted for about two centuries, the lighthouse was already in ruins in the 15th century.
In 1480 the Mamluk sultan Qaitbey decided to make use of its still solid foundations to establish a coastal stronghold against the Turks, what remains nowadays from the fortress is nothing faithful to its first structure, as it suffered against heavy naval attack by the British armies, after which it was largely rebuilt. The fortress no longer had military functions for a very long time, now, it houses a small naval museum
the citadel of Qaitbey had an important role in the British occupation of Egypt the British navy soldiers coming through the Mediterranean and the Egyptian soldiers were up to the fortress of Qaitbay defending the country so that it does not enter the British navy in the 19th century
The Fortress of Qaitbay can be approached along a path, a place admired the most by Alexandrian fishermen. Through a checkpoint, you enter the surrounding courtyard, which along with a small restaurant, has some galleries and rooms to be examined, however, the main tower endures as its principal point.
To enter, you will have to go through a door built from large granite parts, most probably obtained from the ancient lighthouse. Inside, on three floors, it is possible to appreciate numerous artifacts and aquatic finds, including some objects belonging to Napoleon's fleet which sunk in Alexandria's enlargement with an extraordinary naval strategist by Admiral Nelson in 1798.
A big part of the fortress was used as a mosque and for four centuries the walls were dominated by the minaret until it was destroyed by the English navy. It is considered the oldest mosque ever built in Alexandria, but it is no longer in use.
Discover the Qaitbay Fortress and many other monuments in the city that was built by the legendary Macedonian ruler Alexander the Great in 332 B.C by booking the traditional day tour to Alexandria from Cairo to enjoy the best atmosphere in the whole country of Egypt.
From our Cairo Day Tours, you can have an Alexandria Tour from Cairo
Or from our Egypt Travel Packages, you can mix between Cairo and Alexandria Tour Packages
You do not want to miss any Tours of Alexandria, Egypt from Cairo
And while you have time during Egypt Shore Excursions, we can handle a Cairo Day Tour from Alexandria Port or Alexandria City tour from the port
A Day Tour to Giza Pyramids from Alexandria is among our special Cairo Trips, Where you can find some unique tours like the Tour to Islamic Cairo from Alexandria
But if you really want to cover most of the things to do in Cairo, you can book an Overnight trip to Cairo from Alexandria
Cairo tour from Alexandria return to port said is among the suitable Egypt Shore Excursions so that you don't miss your cruise ship.
Have a blissful Nile cruise lunch in Cairo with these special Pyramids and the Nile from Alexandria
Discover the new Grand Egyptian Museum tour from Alexandria to be among the first to visit this huge Museum and other places through our variety of tours below:
Egypt welcomes you with its mighty Nile along the Nile valley as you will be exploring the Luxor east and west bank tour. and marvelous monuments with Cairo Top Tours which is ready to offer our guests, the best trips in Egypt and Egypt itineraries to discover most of the important things to do in Cairo, Most visitors will make a beeline straight to the most famous sightseeing the Great Pyramid of Khufu, Adventurers, backpackers, and travel bloggers could join one of our Egypt budget tours traversing the Sahara Desert, like Siwa tours from Cairo for instance or preferably the White Desert tours Egypt