The Qaitbay Citadel in Alexandria is a remarkable defensive stronghold, not only in Egypt but also over the Mediterranean. It has always formed an important part of the defense system of Alexandria until the near past.
When you visit Alexandria which is incorporated within Egypt travel packages quite often, you should walk the long Sea-front Boulevard towards the west, and you'll finally arrive at the Fort of Qaitbey. It could be a smaller replacement of the previous Pharos Lighthouse, one of the seven man-made wonders of the ancient world - but this garrison has been protecting Alexandria's eastern borders since 1477 AD. The Pharos Lighthouse began to vanish due to a destructive earthquake that hit Alexandria in 1303 AD. Fort Qaitbey was built by Mamluke Sultan Qaitbey in order to fortify this significant Egyptian harbor from invasion, and rubble from the tumbled lighthouse was used in its structure. Inside, you can see the range of stone-walled cells and ascend up to the rooftop to get an incredible view of the Mediterranean.
Position: Corniche, Eastern Harbour of Alexandria