Nubian History and Culture | Nubian Heritage Egypt



It is hard not to fall in love with the history of the Nubians, who are still vibrant and practicing their traditional customs and culture 50 years after being displaced, with hundreds of villages submerged under Lake Nasser.


 Nubian Heritage Egypt

On the west bank of the Nile, in the deep south of Egypt, Aswan city is surrounded by several small islands and Nubian villages. The Nubian villages are a joyful sight, painted in bright colors and populated by Nubians with a population of fewer than 100,000 people.

They have their own Nubian languages and customs that are distinct from those of the rest of Egypt. Their origins can be traced back to Africa and Sudan when they migrated to south Egypt in antiquity to farm along the Nile. If you are going through Aswan, the Nubian Villages are a must-see attraction. They are suitable for half Aswan day tours.

Nubian lifestyle

The Nubian area stretches for 123,000 square kilometers along the Nile River between Aswan in southern Egypt and Khartoum in central northern Sudan. Nubia's history dates from 2000 BCE to 1504 AD, making it one of ancient Africa's oldest civilizations.

Nubian History and Culture 

During the new kingdom period (1570 AD – 1070 AD), Pharaoh Thutmose I invaded Egypt around 1500 BC. The kingdom of Kush, which invaded Egypt in the 8th century BC and established the 25th dynasty, was the most powerful of Nubia's many powerful kingdoms.

In the 4th century AD, the great kingdom of Kush fell apart, and Nubia was divided between Egypt and the Senner sultanate, resulting in the partial Arabization and rapid Islamization of the Ottoman empire in the 16th century. During the nineteenth century, the Khedivate of Egypt, established in 1899, united the entire region.

Nubian Villages

When visiting Egypt, a visit to a Nubian village is a must. Of all the attractions in Aswan, this might be the only trip that truly captures your heart. The Nubian people are so sweet and welcoming that you will be welcomed with open arms in one of the Nubian family homes. They have dark skin and speak the Nuba or Nubian language.

The cultures of Nubia

Some people claim to regard their language as a sacred heritage and refuse to teach it to outsiders. Nubian houses are usually built of mud and painted blue or orange. Palm trees and gardens abound, and they primarily raise chickens and goats on their farms. If they weren't farming, some of the locals would make a living selling handicrafts and drawing henna for tourists. This is a great trip for adults, teenagers, and people of all ages.

Ancient Egypt and Nubia

The two countries had a close friendship during both peace and war. They both used royal symbols influenced by rock art. Many cultural exchanges, partnerships, and even marriages took place between the two. They had a close economic relationship through the trade in ebony, ivory, leopard hides, and a variety of resins. Egypt's connection to east and south African riches including gold, incense, ebony, copper, ivory, and rare animals was Nubia.

Nubian Temples

Nubia derives its name from the word "Nub," which means "gold," owing to the area's abundance of gold mines, rare stones, and some of Egypt's most magnificent and majestic monuments. The Temple of Philae and Abu Simbel temples, both found in Nubia, are two of the most well-known temples in ancient Egypt's history. Both temples were saved by UNESCO in the mid-1960s as a result of the High Aswan Dam's catastrophic effects, and they are must-see attractions on a Nile cruise between Luxor and Aswan.

Nubian Crafts

The Nubians are a proud, gentle, honest, and long-lasting people with their own culture and customs. Their homes were known for having a backyard and a dome on top. Their culture includes a variety of art styles, exquisite paintings, and lovely decorations, as well as enchanting pottery, mesmerizing handicrafts such as basket weaving, palm frond mats, and necklaces.

Nubian Customs and Villages

Within their culture, they have many rituals, dances, and a unique set of customs, especially when a marriage occurs and a newborn "Sebou" is delivered. Because of their inclusive nature, they all marry in the same place. Their villages are unlike anything else in Egypt, and they are divided into three tribes: Al-Fadiga, Al-Orayqat (Originally Bedouin Traders who Migrated from Hijaz), and Al-Konoz, also known as Al-Matoka (A Mix of Arab Tribes, the Biggest Being Al-Gohayna Tribe, from the Arabian Peninsula).

Nubian Museum and Symbols

The Nubian culture's shield, which represents courage, and the black cat, which represents joy and hope in contrast to the majority of the world's cultures, which believe it represents a bad omen, are two of the many symbols. A cow or an owl as a sign represents death and bad luck. The popular Nubian Museum in Aswan was founded by UNESCO to bring the Nubian culture back to life. It was built using Nubian architecture and ancient sandstone and houses over 2,000 objects, many of which are from ancient Nubian culture, as well as a variety of colourful exhibits from the Nubian heritage.

Explore All Miracles of Ancient Egypt with us

Our section Egypt day tours contains the most important Egypt tours that will help you explore the history and culture of the Nubian village and visit Egypt in the proper manner. Check it out and book your dream vacation to the land of the pharaohs, including a Nile cruise holiday to experience the wonders of ancient Egypt in the embrace of Luxor and Aswan's temples and tombs.