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King Thutmose III, King Thutmosis III, Thutmose the Third

  • 05 16, 2023

King Thutmose III 

Thutmose is an anglicized form of the ancient Egyptian name dhwty-ms, meaning "Born of the god Thoth." Variations include Thutmoses, Tuthmose, Thothmes, Tuthmosis, Thutmes, Dhutmose, Djhutmose, and Djehutymes.

During the splendid twenty-year reign of Hatshepsut, King Thutmosis III devoted himself to military affairs as a co-agent after the death of his father Thutmosis II, without any apparent disagreement with his stepmother. For this reason, it was difficult to understand the reasons that subsequently led him to erase the memory of the queen. Perhaps, he resembled Hatshepsut in the desire to give maximum prominence to his businesses.

Tutmosis III is generally considered one of the greatest leaders and strategists of Egyptian history "the Egyptian Napoleon". During his long reign, he conducted countless military campaigns from Syria, to the Euphrates, to Nubia. his construction activity is remarkable as well. Some inscriptions praise their extraordinary physical strength, he was capable of hitting a metal target with a bow, often a palm, and passing it from side to side. At the end of his 54-year reign, he was succeeded by his son Amenophis II.

His tomb is beautiful, dug in a very deep and inaccessible gorge (and therefore not very frequently visited by tourists visiting the Valley of the Kings). The tomb is signed kv34 and is in an excellent state of conservation. The plan of the tomb is in the shape of a cartouche, probably a tribute to the god Thoth to whom our pharaoh took its name.

Like the other pharaohs of the New Kingdom, Tuthmosis III was a great builder, enriching the temple of Karnak with numerous statues and obelisks.
The temple with the so-called festival hall of Karnak where in addition to the famous Chamber of Ancestors we find the one called the Botanical Garden where the animal and vegetable species that the king had brought from Syria are represented and listed. Unfortunately, like most of his predecessors, he made use of pre-existing material for new buildings and used it to erase any signs of the hated Queen Hatshepsut.

He had been buried in a magnificent tomb in the Valley of the Kings not less in artistic and architectural value than the famous attractions that one can view during the tour of the Giza Pyramids. Once you are in Egypt, Cairo Top Tours will take care of it through our highly qualified guides specialized in Egyptology, to make your visit to the land of the Pharaohs a success.

Amenophis II, the son of Thutmose III, succeeded his father in 1438, carrying on his father's expansionist policies and putting down two uprisings in Asia, When the King died he was 82 years old, after a reign that lasted 54 years, and he was buried in a tomb in the Valley of the Kings, which is considered to be among the first kings who made tombs for themselves, and his tomb was discovered in 1898, by the scientist Victor Loret, and he also discovered that the tomb had been stolen, and the King's body was not there.

 

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King Thutmose III, also known as Thutmose the Great, was a prominent Pharaoh of ancient Egypt who reigned during the 18th Dynasty of the New Kingdom period, specifically from around 1479 to 1425 BC. He is considered one of the most accomplished military leaders and rulers in Egyptian history. The historical importance of King Thutmose III can be summarized as follows:

   Military Achievements: Thutmose III is renowned for his military campaigns, which expanded the Egyptian empire to its greatest territorial extent. He conducted numerous successful military campaigns in Nubia (modern-day Sudan), Syria, and Canaan. These campaigns strengthened Egypt's influence in the region and secured valuable resources and trade routes.

   Battle of Megiddo: The Battle of Megiddo, fought in 1457 BC, is one of Thutmose III's most famous military victories. It is considered one of the earliest recorded battles in history, and its detailed accounts are inscribed on the walls of Karnak Temple. Thutmose's strategic genius and tactics led to a decisive victory over a coalition of Canaanite and Syrian city-states.

   Administrative Reforms: Thutmose III implemented administrative reforms that helped streamline the bureaucracy and enhance centralized control over the Egyptian state. He introduced a more efficient system for collecting taxes and managing resources.

   Cultural and artistic achievements: Thutmose III's reign saw advancements in Egyptian art and culture. He commissioned temples, monuments, and statues that displayed a high level of craftsmanship. His rule marked a period of prosperity and cultural flourishing.

   Temple Construction: Thutmose III initiated the construction and restoration of several temples throughout Egypt, including Karnak Temple, where he added significant structures. His contributions to temple building and religious practices demonstrated his piety and devotion to the gods.

   Treaty Agreements: Thutmose III negotiated and maintained diplomatic relations with neighboring states through treaty agreements and alliances. These diplomatic efforts contributed to regional stability and trade.

   Cultural Legacy: Thutmose III's reign left a lasting impact on Egyptian society and culture. He is often cited as one of Egypt's most accomplished warrior-pharaohs and a model for subsequent generations of leaders.

   Theban Renaissance: Thutmose III's reign is often associated with the "Theban Renaissance," a period of revitalization in art, literature, and culture centered in the city of Thebes. This era witnessed a flourishing of intellectual and artistic pursuits.

   Succession Planning: Thutmose III's careful management of succession paved the way for his co-regency with his son, Amenhotep II, ensuring a smooth transition of power and the continuity of his legacy.

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