Saqqara is a vast, ancient burial ground serving as the necropolis for the Ancient Egyptian kings and noblemen as well. Saqqara features numerous pyramids, including the world-famous Step pyramid of Djoser, sometimes referred to as the Step Tomb due to its rectangular base, as well as a number of mastabas (Arabic word meaning 'bench'). Located some 30 km (19 mi) south of modern-day Cairo, Saqqara covers an area of around 7 by 1.5 km.
The Step Pyramid is the most important monument to see during any Cairo Day Tours. It is considered the famous structure in Saqqara Dating from the 3rd dynasty (2667—2448 BC), and was the first complex ever built entirely out of stone. It also displays an important architectural innovation for the construction of the Giza Pyramids and other later pyramids in the 4th dynasty and later. as it is the first (stepeed) Pyramid made of 6 mastabas or steps and sometimes referred to as the Step Tomb due to its rectangular base.
The Location of the cemetery is to the south of Abusir and Dahshur to the South. The area running from Giza to Dahshur has been used as a necropolis by the inhabitants of Memphis at different times, and it was designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979. Some scholars believe that the name Saqqara is not derived from the ancient Egyptian funerary deity, Sokar, but supposedly, from a local Berber Tribe called Beni Saqqar.
More than ten other pyramids and a large number of tombs and burial temples are scattered around the area of Djoser’s Step Pyramid. and the entire site of Saqqara Necropolis is a witness of the greatness of the early dynasties in Ancient Egypt.