Faiyum governorate is found close to the middle of Egypt and its capital is that the town of Faiyum. Faiyum is found southwest of Cairo and includes a population of over three million. Faiyum Oasis is that the location of Lake Moeris and additionally includes a few cities around it and several other giant farms. The cities of El Gharaq el Sultani have additionally sprung up south of Faiyum Oasis. Another dry desert depression, named gully Elrayan is found at the west of El Gharaq el swayer, but it's fully barren and so includes a terribly tiny population.
Fayoum Governorate Egypt
1- valley of EL HITAN park
valley of Al-Hitan, one hundred fifty miles southwest of Cairo, could be a UN agency heritage website, remnants of the traditional Tethys ocean once Egypt was coated with water and ocean cows, crocodiles, and turtles swimming. however, its greatest claim to fame is the glimpse it provides into the evolution of whales.
Fayoum Governorate Attractions
Fifty million years agone, whale ancestors walked toward land and additionally searched within the shallow seas, very similar to what ocean otters do these days. Over the succeeding ten million years, archdioceses (ancient whales) evolved an additional marine lifestyle. In 2016 the gully Al Hitan Wadi-Al-Hitan Egypt 360 Fossil and temperature change depository Wadi-Al-Hitan Change Climate Museum Egypt 360 opened with wonderful exhibits in English and Arabic describing the environmental changes over time within the space and the way land-based mammals evolved to come to the ocean. however, the fossils don't seem to be simply in showcases. Entire skeletons of Basilosaurus and Dorudon that also retain little hind limbs not seen in trendy whales area unit on show on a walking path laid low with invertebrate fossils and bone bits.
Wadi Al-Hitan receives solely one thousand guests a year. Access is via four WD vehicles over a sand-blown road. Our driver enjoyed giving the USA an additional thrill by going cross-country sometimes to navigate sand dunes and showing off his conveyance acrobatics.
2- WATERWHEELS IN FAYOUM
The waterwheels in the Fayoum area unit among the foremost attention-grabbing ancient sites in Fayoum, Over two hundred of them straddle the Canals, distinctive to the world, the wood wheels area unit driven by the fast-moving water of the Canals and were introduced into Fayoum throughout the Ptolemaic times.
They are four to five Meters in Diameter and Coated with black tar to safeguard the wood, every waterwheel will elevate the water three meters, Spilling it onto higher ground, Jan is the Month put aside throughout Egypt for the cleanup of the Canals, The sluices area unit closed the Fayoum all the functioning waterwheels area unit clean and repaired.
In addition to the Four inarticulate and unarticulate within the Center of town, The noted seven, a trademark of Fayoum of Fayoum area unit set within the rural area on Bahr sinners, There area unit further waterwheels on varied Canals within the space
3- THE PYRAMID OF HAWARA
The Pyramid of Hawara ( Arsinoiton Polis) was designed by King Amunemhat III throughout the twelfth family the Pyramid, its casing removed within the Roman times, sounds like a heap of dust, however, the positioning was one of the foremost vital anthropology discoveries in Egypt.
The Mortuary temple was the labyrinth that thus lost The greek individual ( Herodotus) I visited this Place and located it to surpass the descriptions( He aforesaid the Labyrinth was believed to own been hewn from one single rock and Contained over 3000 rooms, it absolutely was additionally mentioned by virtually each ancient individual Strabo, Diodorus
Here at Hawara 146, Fayoum portraits were found within the memorial park North of the Pyramids( you'll be able to see many of them at Kom Aushim depository and in Cairo Museum)
4-THE depository OF KOM AUSHIM & KARANIS
The depository is a sweet place to choose guides to all or any elements of Fayoum. The depository was originally erected in 1974. It Exhibits artifacts and chemical analysis from the Prehistoric to Roman Periods it additionally Exhibits Fayoum Portrait
( The Lord`s Town) is one of the biggest Greco-Roman Cities within the Fayoum. based within the Third Century B.c and Originally peopled by the Mercenaries of Ptolemy the Second`s Army. the town has 2 temples
5-WADI EL RAYAN water and the MAGIC LAKE
Wadi El Rayan could be a depression forty-two Meters below water level and covers 673 K.m.In 1966 this depression became a water reservoir once it absolutely was connected with Qarun Lake by underground Pipes
6- THE MAGIC LAKE AND GEBEL AL-MUDAWARA
One of the foremost lovely lakes in Egypt, commanding sand dunes, is the Magic lake. round the lake offers you the prospect to witness one of the foremost conspicuous sunsets you may ever see.
The Magic Lake may be a lovely lake settled in the valley of El Rayan in Fayoum. it absolutely was named the Magic lake because it changes its colors many times on a daily basis reckoning the time of year and also the quantity of daylight it receives.
It is an Associate in Nursing astonishingly lovely place encircled by desert. folks pay their time hiking & sandboarding beside Magic Lake or perhaps swimming within the lake itself.
The lake contains minerals that are aforesaid to assist treat patients with rheumatism.
It’s merely a wizardly place for a wizardly trip.
Seven Kilometres south of the falls, on the left jap facet of the road, Is a picturesque space referred to as Al Mudawara, The Lookout, There are 3 Mountain on the lakeside, it's a favorite parcel
7- MADINET MADI TEMPLE
Madinet Madi, the town of the Past is taken into account by some to be the foremost vital ancient website within the Fayoum, it's a middle Kingdom temple, in-built the twelfth family line by Amunmehet III and dedicated to Renenutet, The Serpent Goddes, The temple has been dilated throughout the Ptolemaic times
8- DIMEH AL-SIBA
Dimeh al-Siba (Dime, Dima, and close Qasr al-Sangha) on the northern facet of Lake Qaroun is one among the foremost fascinating within the Fayoum, Dimeh al-Siba, Dimeh of the Lions, was a Ptolemaic town believed to be based by Ptolemy II within the third century B.C., on a web site that shows proof of habitation from the Neolithic amount. Today, it's additionally isolated, however throughout Ptolemaic times it absolutely was at the shore of the abundant larger lake, located at the sting of Moeris Bay and also the starting of the caravan routes into the Western Desert, The ruins of Dimeh al-Siba contain the 2 temples, houses, underground chambers, streets and ten-meter high walls that are generally up to 5 meters thick. The walls themselves are a testament to the survivability of mudbrick within the desert surroundings. the bottom is strewn with detritus. Associate in Nursing uncountable variety of shards cowl the whole temple mound.
9-THE PETRIFIED FOREST OF FAYOUM
Situated within the north of Lake Qaroun in Gabal Qatrani is the largest petrified forest in the world, home to forty meters high trees that have survived in ossified kind for thousands of years
10-QASER AL SAGHA
The Golden Fortress(Qaser Al Sagha) is an Associate in Nursing uncommon Middle kingdom, The building is located North of the lake, and The temple is built of sedimentary rock. The performance of this uncommon temple is unclear.