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  • 05 16, 2023

Museum of Tal Basta Antiquities

Per-Bastet was the capital of the eighteenth Lower Egyptian town (province) throughout the New Kingdom amount (c.1550–1069 BC). it had been conjointly the capital of the country throughout the twenty-second phratry (c.945–715 BC).

Its strategic position at the Japanese Delta created it a vital trade hub through that travelers might trade caravans to and from the Sinai and on the far side. most significantly, Bubastis was visited by the Holy Family throughout their journey to Egypt.

Per Bastet is additionally options the temple of Bastet and also the sculpture of Queen Meritamun, the once girl then married person of Ramses (c.1279–1213 BC). additionally, one can even realize the remaining pillars of the sixth phratry temple of Pepi I (c.2289–2255 BC), an oversized palace of Amenemhat III (c.1855–1808 BC), and remains from well qualitative analysis to the Roman amount.

Museum of Tal Basta Sharkia

Tell Basta features a long history of excavations undertaken by Egyptian and foreign missions. Édouard Naville excavated the temple of Bastet between 1887 and 1889. Labib Habachi discovered the temple of Pepi I in 1939. a huge palace of Amenemhat III was excavated by the groups of the Supreme Council of Antiquities and Zagazig University directed by Shafiq Farid within the Sixties, by Ahmed el-Sawi around a decade later, then by Muhammad patriarch Bakr within the late Nineteen Seventies and Eighties.

The town apparently reached its peak in importance throughout the twenty-second phratry, once Egypt was dominated by natives of towns like Osorkon I (924-889 BC). However, the capital was most likely ne'er affected by Tanis at that point, tho' some sources disagree, basic cognitive process that Tells Basta was if truth be told the capital of Egypt throughout the twenty-second and twenty-third Dynasties. the town was once apparently destroyed by the Persians, however, seems to possess overcome the disaster.

tell Basta was apparently looted significantly by trendy illicit excavation. Stories still appear to flow into Egypt regarding those who became wealthy through a realization in its ruins.

 

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Egypt Tours FAQ

Read top Egypt tours FAQs

Modern Egyptian history is marked by a series of significant events and developments that have shaped the country's political, social, and economic landscape. Here are some of the major events in modern Egyptian history:

   British Occupation (1882–1952): Egypt was under British influence and occupation during this period, which began with the British invasion in 1882. Although Egypt nominally remained a part of the Ottoman Empire, it was effectively under British control.

   1922 Independence: Egypt gained nominal independence from British control in 1922, becoming a constitutional monarchy with King Fuad I as its ruler. However, British influence continued to be significant.

   1952 Revolution: The Egyptian Revolution of 1952, led by the Free Officers Movement, resulted in the overthrow of King Farouk I and the establishment of a republic. General Muhammad Naguib and later Gamal Abdel Nasser played prominent roles in the revolution.

   Suez Crisis (1956): Egypt's nationalization of the Suez Canal led to the Suez Crisis of 1956. The crisis involved military intervention by France, the United Kingdom, and Israel but ultimately ended with the withdrawal of foreign forces from the canal zone.

   Nasser Era (1956–1971): Gamal Abdel Nasser, one of the leaders of the 1952 revolution, served as Egypt's president and played a central role in shaping the country's modern political identity. His policies included land reforms, the nationalization of key industries, and the promotion of pan-Arabism.

   1967 Six-Day War: Egypt's participation in the Six-Day War with Israel in 1967 resulted in significant territorial losses for Egypt, including the Sinai Peninsula.

   Sadat and Peace with Israel (1970s): Anwar Sadat succeeded Nasser as president after Nasser's death in 1970. In a historic move, Sadat pursued peace negotiations with Israel, leading to the 1978 Camp David Accords and the 1979 Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty.

   Assassination of Anwar Sadat (1981): President Anwar Sadat was assassinated during a military parade in Cairo by Islamist extremists. Hosni Mubarak, who was vice president at the time, became president and remained in power for nearly three decades.

   Arab Spring (2011): Egypt was one of the countries deeply affected by the Arab Spring uprisings. Mass protests in Cairo's Tahrir Square led to the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak in February 2011.

   Political Transitions (2011–2020): Following the Arab Spring, Egypt went through a series of political transitions, including the election of Mohamed Morsi as the country's first democratically elected president in 2012 and his subsequent removal from power in 2013.

   Current Era: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, a former military general, assumed the presidency in 2014 and has remained in office. His tenure has seen significant political consolidation and efforts to stabilize the country.

 

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