Goddess Mut | The Vulture Goddess of the Sky



Mut is one of the oldest goddesses embodying the sky and therefore had great importance in the beliefs of ancient Egypt. The cult of Mut increased in importance during the New Kingdom and Amenhotep III had a sacred lake built in the Temple of Karnak for her worship.


Goddess Mut 

The goddess Mut is represented by the vulture which in Egyptian has the phonetic value mwt which means "mother". Her iconography also presents her with a multi-colored appearance with a vulture-shaped headdress surmounted by the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. A place near Thebes was dedicated to her, called the Temple of Asher.

In art, Mut was portrayed as a woman with the wings of a vulture, holding an ankh sign (key of life), wearing the double crown of the lands of Upper and Lower Egypt and a red or blue dress, with the feather of the goddess Maat at her feet.

Gods in Ancient Egypt

Mut is sometimes depicted as a cobra, a cat, a cow, or as a lioness as well as a vulture. Before the end of the New Kingdom, almost all the images of female figures wearing the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt were depictions of the goddess Mut, labeled here as "Lady of Heaven, Mistress of all Gods". The last image on this page shows the features of the goddess's face which mark this as a work done sometime between the 18th dynasty and relatively in the reign of Ramses II.

Queen Hatshepsut had the ancient Mut temple in Karnak rebuilt during her reign in the 18th dynasty. Previous excavators had thought that Amenhotep III had the temple built because of the hundreds of statues found for Sekhmet which had his name. However, Hatshepsut, who completed a huge number of temples and public buildings, had completed the work 75 years earlier. He began the custom of painting Mut with the crown of both Upper and Lower Egypt. Amenhotep III is believed to have removed most of the signs of Hatshepsut while taking credit for the projects he had built.

Travel to Egypt to visit the Egyptian temples and pyramids to learn more about the mythology and hundreds of Gods worshipped by the Pharaohs who were very much like humans they loved and hated, they felt jealous and fought and died during an amazing myth full of joyful, action and dramatic events that inspired modern movie directors and producers to create world-famous movies about the grandeur of the Pharaohs and the Gods they worshipped. Spend a few days to visit Abydos, Giza, Luxor, Aswan to see the tombs of the Pharaohs adorned with very clear, detailed, and beautifully painted scenes of the various deities of ancient Egypt as well as many other sites, cities, adventures, and things to do in Cairo, you can try and book one of our range of Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages many privately guided groups of Cairo day tours from airport and Egypt day tours to explore the capital city of Egypt, Cairo you can check a lot of Egypt itineraries or go on one of our full Cairo Day tours like: