Al-Moez LDin Allah Al-Fatimi assumed the Fatimid Caliphate, succeeding his father Al-Mansur Abi Taher Ismail. Al-Mu’izz was an educated man and his interests were directed toward faith, philosophy, science, and literature. He was fluent in several languages and well-versed in the affairs of the state,
and for this, he was respected and appreciated by statesmen. Al-Mu'izz arrived in Cairo in June 972 AD, and resided in the palace built by "the essence of the Sicilians." On the second day, he went out to receive his well-wishers, and Cairo became the seat of the Fatimid Caliphate, and its subordination to the Sunni Abbasid Caliphate was cut off. Al-Moez followed a new policy in Egypt, to fix what had been spoiled by the revolutions of foreign countries against Egypt.
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Al-Moez focused all his efforts on organizing a new center of his rule, so he took care of financial affairs because the economic situation in Egypt was deteriorating, and Al-Moez prevented the announcement in the streets about the increase in the level of the Nile. Egypt's revenues in his wisdom increased significantly in a short time.
He put his name on the new Egyptian currencies, and he preferred to deal in the dinar, which he put his name on from the Abbasid dinar as an affirmation of Egypt's economic independence from the Abbasid state. Then the value of the Abbasid dinar shrank until it disappeared from the market. He succeeded in building a strong army, uniting the Maghreb under his banner, and extending his influence to southern Italy.
He sent the most efficient leaders of his army, the essence of the Sicilian, to seize Egypt from the Abbasids, so he entered it and established the city of Cairo near Fustat, it was the first capital of the Arabs in Egypt. Al-Muizz Li-Din Allah Al-Fatimid built Al-Azhar Al-Sharif in the Al-Azhar district in ancient Egypt.
He would serve as a literary council for religious discussions and would bring together Muslim, Christian, and Jewish clergy to discuss in a session.
Al-Muizz li-Din Allah spent the period greater than his caliphate in Morocco and remained in Egypt for only about 3 years, and the latent of this period of influence in Egypt, he succeeded in transferring the center of his state to Cairo and established a strong government that brought about a revolution in the religious, social and cultural aspects in Egypt, and made From Egypt, the heart of the Islamic world and a center for spreading its Ismaili call and aspiring to expansion and influence.
The Caliph Al-Muizz Li-Din Allah died in Cairo on December 23, 975 AD.
The vizier Badr al-Jamali constructed the stone walls that house Bab al-Futuh's city gate in the north and Bab Zuweila's gate in the south. These entrances are located along Al-Muizz Street.