Al Azhar Mosque



The al-Azhar Mosque was the first mosque to be built in the Fatimid city of Cairo. It is also the oldest and largest Islamic university in the world and is attended by students from many countries.


Al Azhar Mosque |

Al Azhar house of prayer is one of the wonderful mosques and things to do in Cairo, it considered is the primary University in history engineered over one thousand years past in Cairo, folks visiting Khan El Khalili can see the house of prayer throughout their Cairo Day Tours. it had been towards the tip of the tenth century to be the official house of prayer for the congregational prayers control each Friday and is thought in a very rabic as Jummah.

The developer of the fascinating house of prayer of Al Azhar is as previous because the town of Cairo itself is additionally the good Fatimid army leader and also the builder of Cairo, Gawhar El Seqelly, with the orders of the Fatimid caliph, Al Mui'z le Din Allah. The building of Al Azhar that needs to be seen throughout the regular Egypt Travel Packages or Cairo day tours from the Airport began in 970 A.D. and it took around 3 years to be accomplished.

Islamic Cairo

Architectural style Of Al Azhar Mosque: Initially, Al Azhar has engineered on 1/2 of the realm it occupies presently. Enlargements, new buildings, and restorations are meted out by many Caliphs, kings, sultans, and presidents of Egypt throughout the varied eras till the house of prayer reached the dimensions and the form it's nowadays. the first house of prayer of Al Azhar consisted of 3 Iwans or prayer halls, and within the center, there's an associate degree open court known as Sahn. the doorway to the house of prayer was set in toward the West and this section contained a straightforward tower or as known as in Muslim design tower designed within the Fatimid style. This section was adorned with Kofi Muslim inscriptions and floral motives, which are the sole remaining feature of the traditional house of prayer that's still obtainable currently.

However, the biggest design of the Al-Azhar house of prayer was performed by “Abd al-Rahman bin Katkhuda” within the year (1167 AH = 1753 AD) and he was keen on building and construction.

Sabil of Abdelrahman Katkhuda

Sabil of Abdelrahman Katkhuda

 

Then he else to the corridor of the qiblah a brand new prayer compartment separated from the initial compartment by stone pillars, and 3 steps rise from it, And it's 3 mihrabs, and established an oversized door from the northwestern aspect that presently overlooks Al-Azhar sq., consisting of 2 adjacent doors, referred to as the Gate of Muzain, and conjointly introduced a brand new door known as the Gate of Al-Sa'idah and created a tower beside it that also exists so far, and this door results in the Al-Sa’idah months. The corridors of Al-Azhar. 

Al Azhar house of prayer within the Fatimid amount 

Perhaps the primary design introduced to Al-Azhar was meted out by the Fatimid caliph, to preserve the faith of God, in Islamic Cairo, wherever he enhanced the realm porticos; within the Mamluk era, the sultans took care of Al-Azhar once the neglect it suffered within the Ayyubid era, and patrician “Izz al-Din Aydar was the primary to worry concerning Al-Azhar, thus he revived the elements that were cracked from him. And in its splendor, life came to an associate degree finish once a chance, and also the folks celebrated the Friday prayers in it on the day (18 Rabi` al-Awwal year 665 AH = nineteen Gregorian calendar month 1266AD). which will be seen nowadays within the depository of Muslim Arts throughout Egypt day tours in Cairo. In 1125 A.D., the Fatimid ruler Al Amer Be'ahkam Supreme Being established a Mihrab for the house of prayer (a niche that indicates that thanks to praying towards Ka'aba) created out of Aro Turkish wood that was adorned with loads of floral and geometric shapes.

Al Azhar within the Mamluk Period:

Al Azhar Mosque

The design of the Al-Azhar house of prayer failed to stop throughout the reign of the Circassian Mamluks, wherever grand Turk Qaitbay Al-Mahmoudi (873 AH = 1468 CE) razed the door on the northwestern aspect of the house of prayer, engineered it once more because it is currently, and engineered on its right a sleek tower of the foremost lovely minarets of Cairo, Then grand Turk Qansuh al-Ghuri engineered the two-headed tower, the very best of the minarets of Al-Azhar, a novel variety of the tower that's rare within the Muslim world. 

A new madrasa (religious school), the Tabrisy religious school Muslim teaching establishment, was engineered by Baybars Khazendar, the military commander during the reign of Al Nasser Mohamed Ibn Qalaun. it's set to the proper hand after you enter the Al Azhar house of prayer. This else a much bigger house than the house of prayer that hosted Muslim teachings categories and conjointly had an oversized Muslim library. 

The Afghaweya religious school was inbuilt in 1340 A.D. and it's set on the left-hand aspect of the doorway. It contains the library of Al Azhar nowadays. 

Al Azhar In The Ottoman Era:

Al Azhar underwent plenty of growth within the Ottoman era. the {most important|the largest} and most important building work was done by the ruler Abdel Rahman Katkhuda in 1753 A.D. as he expanded the world of the house of prayer by adding a Riwaq (portico) behind the mihrab that was engineered on the next level than the full house of prayer. He additionally added a new minbar and mihrab. Katkhuda additional 2 nice gates as well: the primary within the southern wall referred to as the Sa'ayda gate and therefore the Shroba gate within the section of the house of prayer with an added minaret beside it. Katkhuda was additionally liable for building the attractive western gate with its superb Muslim decorations and that is currently the entrance of the house of prayer.

Al Azhar has been additionally renovated by the supreme council of antiquities to finally appear as if this within the trendy time throughout your visits to the house of prayer through the assorted Cairo overnight tours. Al Azhar as a house of prayer and as an academic establishment has to compete for a significant role in numerous centuries of Egyptian history, particularly in fighting the French and British occupation. 

Al Azhar University :

Al Azhar University is the largest and most vital Muslim teaching establishment in the whole world and it's the second trendy Muslim university to be engineered. Muslim teaching in Al Azhar University was reworked from Shiite teaching to Sunni teaching beginning within the Fatimid era and it's still one of the foremost vital and prestigious educational institutions in Egypt and within the whole world.

 

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