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Imhetop, The First Architect

  • 05 16, 2023

The name of Imhotep means "the one who comes in peace" and by displaying it in addition to dedicating himself, as we have seen, to medicine, he also studied astronomy, being able to develop thanks to the latter knowledge of mathematics and geometry that would serve as an architect.

Imhotep's main work was the funeral complex of the Step Pyramid of Saqqara, near Memphis. This construction required the extraction, transport, and modeling of literally thousands of tons of limestone, a material that until then had never been used in large constructions.

The weight of these stones was an actual nightmare that Imhotep solved using small blocks that were easy to transport and handle, creating the rectangular base of the pyramid of 140 x 118 meters, with its largest side from east to west with an original height of 60 meters.

Imhotep placed the burial chamber of King Djoser in the center, at the bottom of a well 28 meters deep and seven meters wide, built with granite and plaster, and sealed with a gigantic 3,500-kilo granite block, becoming the ideal of the Giza Pyramids and that of the other Egyptian pyramids.

His importance as a doctor lies in the fact that his teachings were copied into a papyrus in which all kinds of treatments for diseases were discussed, with pharmacological prescriptions and although at that time medicine and magic used to mix, Imhotep was the first to try to record clinical cases, that is, without mentioning causes or magic cures, being the first to provide a rational approach to the treatment of diseases and injuries. His remedies, discovered in the so-called Edwin Smith papyrus, included the use of drugs as a stupor, and multiple anatomical observations and surgical practices were recorded as well.

In the New Kingdom, he was worshiped as the protector of scribes, representing wisdom and education. In the 'Turin Papyri' from this period, he is also described as the son of Ptah, the chief god of Memphis, in honor of his role as a wise counselor.  

He is said to have extracted medicine from plants and treated diseases such as appendicitis, gout, and arthritis. At Memphis, he was served by his own priesthood and he was considered to be a mediator between men and the gods. It was believed that he could help people solve problems in their daily lives and cure medical problems.


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Egypt Tours FAQ

Read top Egypt tours FAQs

if the journey starts from Aswan the trip lasts 4 days and 3 nights, but if the cruise moves from Luxor the trip on the cruise will take 5 days and 4 nights. To explore Nile cruise trips you could visit our website, which includes a lot of trips to different places in Egypt.

The ancient Pharaohs of Egypt were the rulers of ancient Egypt. They were considered divine monarchs and were the political, religious, and military leaders of the civilization. Here are some of the famous ancient pharaohs of Egypt:

Narmer (Menes): Traditionally considered the first Pharaoh, he unified Upper and Lower Egypt around 3100 BCE.

Khufu (Cheops): Known for building the Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Hatshepsut: One of the few female Pharaohs, known for her impressive mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri.

Thutmose III is often called the "Napoleon of Egypt" for his military conquests and expansion of the empire.

Akhenaten was known for his religious reforms and the worship of the sun god Aten during the Amarna Period.

Tutankhamun is famous for his intact tomb, discovered by Howard Carter in the Valley of the Kings.

Ramesses II (Ramses the Great): Renowned for his long reign and numerous monumental building projects

Cleopatra VII, the last pharaoh of Egypt, is known for her relationships with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony.


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