King Snefru | Founder of the Fourth Dynasty



King Snefru is the father of one of the most famous kings of ancient Egypt, Cheops who built the great pyramid which has never been beaten by any structure, however, his father built at least 3 pyramids which makes him a real role model for such a great dynasty he founded, the 4th dynasty. Discover more with Cairo Top Tours!


When we talk about this King, founder of the 4th dynasty, it is done above all in relation to its three Pyramids, maybe even four. He was the greatest builder of Ancient Egypt, although the information concerning him is rather sparse. Imposing architectural structures, however, speak for him.

Son of Huni (the last ruler of the 3rd dynasty) and of the secondary wife of King Huni, Queen Meresankh, Snefru strengthened his right to succession by marrying his half-sister who later became the mother of the most famous king in the ancient Egyptian history, Queen Hetepheres mother of Cheops who is the owner of the most enormous pyramid in history, which attracts tourists daily during the Giza Pyramids tour.

Of his reign, the Palermo Stone reports two military campaigns, one in Nubia and the other against the Libyan tribes. The Palermo Stone also mentions the arrival of a convoy from Byblos, made up of forty ships loaded with cedarwood.

Both pyramids of Dahshur, near Saqqara, are attributed to this king. Of uncertain attribution remains the pyramid of Meidum, sometimes considered one of the three pyramids of Snefru. According to a fairly accepted theory, his father Huni was the owner of the tomb of Meidum, while Snefru managed its transformation. Also During his reign, the cartouche appeared for the first time, the oval shape that contains the name of the ruler nsu-biti, after the traditional serekh shape which was a square shape used before, the serekh can be seen on the top of the two-sided Narmer Palette exhibited in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo which commemorates the victory of King Menes after the battle that united the two kingdoms of Egypt in the north and the south, marking the beginning of the dynastic period by the 1st dynasty.

Probably reigned for fifty years, this allowed him to build, and to complete, three great pyramids, thus deserving the title of "greatest pyramid builder of all time".
The three buildings of Snefru contain more than three and a half million cubic meters of stone, thus overcoming the Great Pyramid. The idea that a king could have more than one tomb built is definitely strange to us. After all, the pharaoh could only be buried in one place. We do not know for sure what the reason for such plenty of building, however, a probable explanation could simply be that Snefru, given the technical problems that had made it difficult to build the first two pyramids, wanted a third one to be built in perfect shape.

If this is really the case, we could consider it a sort of variation compared to the constructive approach of Imhotep who had made the Step Pyramid for his King Djoser step by step, an approach that would have guaranteed that there was always at least one tomb ready in the event of sudden and unexpected death of the pharaoh. (Something similar had to occur during the Middle Kingdom, when Amenemhat III had two pyramids built, the second of which proved technically much more advanced than the first.) Anyway, it is possible that Snefru wanted to own one or more memorials, in addition to the real tomb.

You can go to Saqqara and Dahshur to explore the gigantic pyramids of King Senefru during the Pyramids Tour from Cairo Airport.

Visit Dahsur Necropolis to view the oldest pyramids including the Red Pyramid and the Bent Pyramid which are built by King King Snefru during you amazing Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages and Egypt day tours if your tour includes few days to be spent here in Cairo you can have one of the full Cairo Day tours otherwise of stop shortly in Cairo on your way to another country it will be a great chance to  book a trip from Cairo day tours from airport or enjoy unusual excursions and things to do in Cairo like:

- Day tour to Giza pyramids & Sphinx, Memphis, Saqqara and Dahshur.

- Cairo day tour to Saqqara, Memphis and Dahsur.

- Tour to Giza Pyramids.

- Cairo day to tour to Saqqara and Memphis.

- Old Cairo Tour | Egyptian Museum Tour.

- Day Tour to Giza Pyramids, Memphis and Saqqara.

- Cairo Stopover Transit Tour.

- Cairo Short Break | Cairo city break.

- Day tour to Giza Pyramids, Sphinx, Memphis, Saqqara and Dahshur.

- Half day tour to Giza Pyramids and Sphinx.

- Bahariya Oasis and White Desert tour from Cairo.

- Day trip to Luxor from Cairo by flight.

- Giza Pyramids Camel Ride.

- 2 Days Safari to the white desert and bahariya oasis tour from Cairo

- Day trip to Alexandria from Cairo.

- 3 Days Bahariya Oasis Tour from Cairo.

- Giza Pyramids sound and light show.

- Felucca Ride on the Nile in Cairo.

- Nile Dinner Cruise in Cairo.

- Quad Biking around Giza Pyramids.

- Mount Sinai Tours from Cairo.

- Day Tour to El Fayoum from Cairo.

Day tour to Wadi El Natroun Monasteries.

- Coptic and Islamic Cairo Tour.

- Day Tour to the Red Sea El Ain El Sokhna from Cairo.

- El Alamein Day Tour from Cairo.

- Suez Canal Day Trip from Cairo.

- Day tour to the Camel Market in Cairo.

- Pharaonic Village tour in Cairo.

- Day tour to Tanis, Bubastis and the Suez Canal from Cairo.

- El Minya tour from Cairo.

- Two days trip to El Minya from Cairo.

- Siwa Oasis from Cairo.

- Cairo by Night Tour.

- Nile Cruise Cairo Lunch.

- Cairo Shopping Tour.

- Egypt countryside trip.

- Walking tour in Cairo.

- Half-day tour to Memphis and Dahshur.

- Islamic Cairo Tour.

- Cairo unusual tour to have breakfast in an Egyptian Village.

- Cairo unusual tour to visit an Egyptian Village.

- Unusual day trip to the mosques of Albayt in Cairo.

- Unusual tour to Coptic Cairo and the Cave Church of Saint Simon.

- Tour to Giza Pyramids, Islamic Cairo and Khan El Khalili Bazaar.

- Tour to Pyramids, Egyptian Museum and Coptic Cairo.

- Cairo day tour to Saqqara, Memphis and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Half day tour to the Egyptian Museum.

- Grand Egyptian Museum Tour from Cairo.

- Half Day tour to the Grand Egyptian Museum.

- Snorkeling trip to Ain Sokhna from Cairo.

- Tanoura dance show in Cairo.

- Day tour to Giza Pyramids and Saqqara Necropolis from Cairo.

- Giza Pyramids and Saqqara day trip with Camel Ride.

- Day tour to Giza Pyramids and Memphis City.

- Cairo Day Trip to Giza Pyramids and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Cairo Day Tour to Sakkara and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Day tour to Dahshur, Saqqara and Maidum from Cairo.

Day tour to Dahshur, Memphis and Maidum from Cairo.

Day tour to Giza Pyramids, Dahshur, and Maidum from Cairo.

- Tour to Giza Pyramids and Meidum from Cairo.

Tour to Giza Pyramids Meidum and Saqqara from Cairo.

Tour to Giza PyramidsMemphis and Meidum from Cairo.