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King Thutmose IV

  • 05 16, 2023

King Thutmose IV

He was the grandfather of Akhenaten. He ruled for 8 or 9 years. is probably most famous for his "Dream Stela, which can still today be found between the paws of the great Sphinx at Giza. 

Dreams were important in ancient Egypt and were considered to be divine predictions of the future. In Tuthmosis IV's "Dream Stela", he tells us that, while he was out on a hunting trip, he fell asleep in the shadow of the Sphinx. Re-Harakhte, the sun god embodied in the Sphinx, came to him in a dream and promised that if he would clear away the sand that covered the sphinx, Tuthmosis would become king of upper and lower Egypt

We know that Tuthmosis IV was probably married to Mutemwiya, However, even though the king is known as the "conqueror of Syria".  Tuthmosis IV did finish a colossal obelisk of about 32 meters, it was the tallest Egyptian obelisk that we know of and was uniquely intended to stand as a single obelisk at the Temple of Karnak. Most of his work was added to the temples of his father and grandfather.

His best-attested building we have to know today is his own tomb, Kv. 43, located in the Valley of the Kings and discovered by Howard Carter. However, his mummy was missing from his tomb, but it was found five years earlier in a cache of mummies located in the tomb of Amenhotep II.

He arrived at the Euphrates and led at least 17 military expeditions into Palestine and Syria. During his rule, Egypt attained its greatest extent, encompassing dominions in Syria, Canaan, the Sinai, and all of Nubia, along with productive trade relations with nearby kingdoms.

Perhaps better known are the fine private tombs built by his nobles on the West Bank at Luxor (ancient Thebes) in an area commonly referred to as the Tombs of the Nobles.

I would advise you to travel to Egypt and see before your eyes the greatness of the ancient Egyptians as shown in their monuments, tombs, pyramids, etc.

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During his reign, Thutmose III formed one of the oldest empires in history. Egypt's borders stretched to the Euphrates River and Syria in the east, Libya in the west, the coasts of Phoenicia and Cyprus in the north, and to the sources of the Nile in the south, reaching as far as the fourth waterfall, or the fourth Gand

King Thutmose IV played a significant role in ancient Egyptian society during the New Kingdom period (c. 1400–1300 BCE). Here are some key aspects of his role and contributions:

Pharaoh: Thutmose IV served as the Pharaoh of Egypt, the highest political and religious authority in the kingdom. As Pharaoh, he was responsible for maintaining order, administering justice, and overseeing the administration of the state.

Military Leader: Like many Pharaohs of his time, Thutmose IV was a military leader. He led campaigns to protect Egypt's borders and expand its territory. Notably, he is known for his military successes in Nubia and the Levant.

Building Projects: Thutmose IV initiated several building projects during his reign. One of his most famous accomplishments is the restoration of the Great Sphinx of Giza, which had become buried in sand over the centuries. He erected an inscribed stela (known as the Dream Stele) between the paws of the Sphinx, recounting a dream he had that led to the Sphinx's excavation.

Religious Role: As Pharaoh, Thutmose IV also had important religious duties. He was seen as the intermediary between the gods and the people, responsible for maintaining the cults of various deities and ensuring the well-being of Egypt through religious rituals.

Cultural Contributions: Thutmose IV's reign contributed to the cultural and artistic flourishing of the New Kingdom. He commissioned sculptures, monuments, and temples, reflecting the grandeur of Egyptian art and architecture during this period.

Foreign Relations: Thutmose IV engaged in diplomatic relations with neighboring states, maintaining alliances, and securing favorable trade agreements. This helped ensure Egypt's stability and prosperity.

Legacy: Thutmose IV is remembered for his role in restoring the Great Sphinx, which remains an iconic symbol of ancient Egypt. His reign is also associated with the development of religious and military traditions that persisted in Egypt for centuries.


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