Al-Mazouka tombs in Dakhla Oasis



The tombs of Al-Muzouka are a Roman cemetery dating back to the second century AD, as they are distinguished by their colorful paintings and decorated with bright religious inscriptions that combine the Pharaonic and Roman deities.


Al-Mazouka tombs in the Dakhla Oasis

The Cemeteries of Al Mazouka is a masterpiece in the Dakhla Oasis

Al-Muzouka tombs are located 5 km from the village of Al-Qasr and 37 km from the city of Mutt in the New Valley Governorate. Have a Roman period background, and it is one of the most significant shrines in the Dakhla Oasis.

The tombs of Al-Mouzouka were named this name because the colors and drawings that are painted on its walls are bright in an eye-catching way, and their importance is due to the beauty of those drawings and bright colors that combine the arts and beliefs of Pharaonic and Roman at the same time.

The area contains two cemeteries called "Badi Osir," which refers to the priest who built his tomb here and whose name means "gift of the god Osiris." The cemetery has two overlapping chambers and is plastered over.

The color and design of Al-tombs Muzouka's are the most notable features that set them apart from the rest of the tombs. For nearly 2000 years, they were exquisitely built. The second tomb is for another priest who wished to commune with the god Bast, who was known to the ancient Egyptians as the cat.

Colors and oxides were often used in drawing and design, and the tones were fixed with egg white. Al-tombs Muzouka's are regarded as a masterpiece by Egyptian scientist Ahmed Fakhry, who discovered them in 1972.

It has two graves for two people, one of whom is Badi Awazir and the other is Badi Bastet, and it is worth noting that the tombs of Al-Muzouqa have an archaeological value that is distinct from that of other archaeological areas.

The American mission had visited that area and it confirmed that Paddy Osir was a priest in the temple of Thoth in the ancient city of Al-Mahdah, and this indicates the coincidence of the tombs of Al-Muzouka and the city of Al-Mahdah in one era (the Roman era), where the Al-Mahdah was the residential city and the tombs were to the west of it in Al-Mazouqa.

The Al-Muzouka tombs are important archaeological tombs, on which funerary drawings were drawn that combined the Egyptian and Roman beliefs and scenes representing the mummification process, the heavenly constellations, the bounties of oases, the wheat harvest season, and many ancient Egyptian and Roman deities.

 

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