The development started at the port of Sokhna and became the first fully mechanized Egyptian port, and was widely recognized in Egypt for the public-private partnership. Near the port is a large refinery for refining sugar and vegetable fuel and for the production of ammonia.
Ain Sokhna Port
The old Egyptians explored the Red Sea early, as they tried to develop trade routes to Pont. It was from one of these campaigns around 2500 BC, and another around 1500 B.C "by Hatshepsut". Both participated in long trips to the Red Sea. "Alexander the Great" sent Greek naval expeditions from the Red Sea to the Indian Ocean. Greek navigators continued to explore and collect data on the Red Sea.
The Red Sea was a preference of Roman trade with India from the reign of Augustus, when the Roman Empire dominated the Mediterranean, Egypt, and the northern Red Sea.
The process of transporting goods from the Indian ports and then entering the goods from China to the Roman world. The connection between Rome and China was dependent on the Red Sea, but the road was cut off by the Axumite Empire in the 3rd century A.D.
During the Middle Ages, the Red Sea was a major part of the Spice trade route. In 1513, in an attempt to secure that channel to Portugal, Afonso de Albuquerque laid siege to Aden but was attacked to retreat.
The Suez Canal was begun in November 1869. At the time, the British, French, and Italians shared the trading posts. The posts were gradually destroyed following the 1st World War. After the Second World War, the Americans and Soviets exerted their influence whilst the volume of oil tanker traffic intensified. However, the Six-Day War helped in the closing of the Suez Canal from 1967 to 1975.
Ain Sokhna Port is stationed on the East Coast of the Gulf of Suez, about 30 miles south of the Suez Canal.
Current archaeological excavations have shown that there was an aged Egyptian port and settlement in this area. The site was first brought to attention in 1999. Egyptian and French archaeologists have been reviewing this area since that time.
In October 2002, the port started its commercial operations, becoming the first fully private port operating in Egypt. It provides a deep-water facility capable of handling gigantic ships.
It is located on the western shore of the Gulf of Suez. The tank station is at the southern end of the Mediterranean Suez pipeline (SUMED).