Saqqara is an archaeological site near Cairo, known for its significant historical and cultural treasures. Some of the main tourist attractions in Saqqara include:
Step Pyramid of Djoser: This pyramid is one of the earliest monumental stone structures in Egypt and marks a significant development in pyramid architecture. It's the centerpiece of the Saqqara complex and was built for Pharaoh Djoser.
Pyramid of Unas: This pyramid is notable for its Pyramid Texts, a collection of religious and magical spells inscribed on the walls of the burial chamber. These texts provide insights into ancient Egyptian beliefs about the afterlife.
Tomb of Ti: The tomb of an ancient Egyptian official named Ti is known for its well-preserved reliefs and scenes depicting various aspects of daily life, agriculture, and offerings.
Mastaba of Mereruka: This mastaba (rectangular tomb) is one of the largest and most elaborately decorated tombs in Saqqara. It belongs to Mereruka, a high-ranking official during the reign of Pharaoh Teti.
Serapeum: A series of underground galleries that once housed the massive stone sarcophagi of the Apis bulls, which were considered sacred in ancient Egypt.