Sabil-Mosque of Sulayman Al-Silahdar, The monument contains an architectural group, including a mosque, "Kuttab" and "Sabil" in a single building connected to each other, which is distributed in a unique architectural form as the path of Suleiman Agha Sulaydar.
The mosque was built in the Ottoman style, which is unparalleled in Islamic architecture and its beauty lies in the accuracy of the details that will catch your eye, especially the tall minaret, which looks like a high spear hugging the clouds in the sky. The minaret consists of two cylindrical levels between them.
The location of the mosque: The mosque is located in Al-Mu’izz Li-Din Allah Al-Fatimi Street at Burjuan Street in the extension of Al-Nahhasin Street from Bab Al-Sha’aria Square.
It was built by Prince Suleiman Agha Salhdar Bey, who came to Egypt as a soldier who came with Muhammad Ali Pasha to fight the French. The construction of the mosque took two years (1253-1255 AH = 1837-1839 AD). Currently, under the mosque, there is a school and shops.
Muhammad Ali Pasha | Muhammad Ali of Egypt
The architectural group consists of a drinking fountain for passers-by and is located below the "Kitab" and includes a mosque for religious rites and a "Kitab" for the education of Muslim orphaned children. There are three facades of the mosque.
The main facade is located on the southeast side and overlooks Al-Muizz Li-Din Allah Street. It includes the facade of "Kuttab", "Sabil", and the mosque.
The main entrance door is rectangular, the opening of the door is surrounded by two semi-circular frames, is encapsulated with Arabic calligraphy,
including Arabesque, and features its stone facade, culminating in an outward-slant wooden flap with vegetable ornaments, and contains various designs with carvings and ornaments that reflect the influence of Renaissance European arts, the marble motifs and oil colors on the wooden roofs give an Ottoman character.
As for the southern and northern facades, they look at Barjouan Street, and the minaret is located to the left of the “Sabil” entrance and the path at the main facade, and it is built with a "lobe" stone, and it has a cone-shaped top that looks like a pencil. It reflects the style of the minaret in the Mohamed Ali Pasha Dynasty and Ottoman times.
As for the way destination, it covers in white marble with writings and decorations, and its Windows are made of bronze cast with empty decorations, and from the manifestations of charity in the design of the "Sabil", there is a place dedicated to drinking pets.
The water storage tank is an Ottoman architectural construct based on the system of a dome raised on columns, each dome decorated with colorful oil reliefs, vegetable, and engineering paintings, and Quranic writings, and capable of carrying huge weights, by distributing loads on the columns in a balanced manner.
The entrance to the mosque is a path through which people climb a few steps to pray to reach the mosque’s courtyard, which is surrounded by four corridors carried on marble columns.
One of the most important features of the mosque is the presence of wooden domes and an air valve to ventilate the halls inside the mosque. The place of prayer is covered with a wooden ceiling decorated with oil inscriptions, and in the place of prayer on the qibla wall there is a mihrab made of marble.
Above the main entrance is a white marble foundation plaque mounted inside a wooden frame with gilded Turkish inscriptions, a rectangular window containing iron fingerprints, and to the left of the entrance was a shop that originally had three shops and four Windows for the chapel.