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Mohamed Ali Pasha | Modern Egypt | Mohamed Ali Mosque

  • 05 16, 2023

Mohamed Ali Pasha

He was a common soldier who advanced to leadership through his military skills and political vision. In 1799 he commanded a Turkish army in an unsuccessful attempt to drive Napoleon from Egypt. As Pasha, he was essentially independent of his nominal overlord, the Ottoman sultan. He improved his armed forces and administration, created schools, and began many public works, especially irrigation projects.

Muhammad Ali modernized education, ordering the translation of European books on a large scale, protecting children against disease and offering them medical care, conducting censuses, and undertaking huge public works projects that established cotton as a key Egyptian cash crop, which remains today. Early in his career, he controlled the spread of fundamentalist Wahhabi Islam from the Arabian Peninsula.

Modern Egypt | Mohamed Ali Mosque

Often known as Mehmed Ali, Muḥammad ʿAlī was the viceroy and pasha of Egypt (1805–48), founding the dynasty that ruled the country from the start of the 19th century to the middle of the 20th. He was born in Kavala, Macedonia, Ottoman Empire [now in Greece] in 1769 and passed away in Alexandria, Egypt, on August 2, 1849.

Mohamed Ali Mosque, as we know it by the name the Alabaster Mosque, is one of Egypt's most impressive mosques. It reaches the tallest point within the Citadel of Saladin. The creator who was Yousif Boushnaq was of Turkish origin and had been brought from Istanbul to build this exceptional mosque for Mohamed Ali, the founder of Modern Egypt who ruled from 1805 till 1849 A.D. Upon your arrival in Egypt, Cairo Top Tours will take care of your visit to the land of the Pharaohs with our highly qualified guides specialized in Egyptology.

Mohamed Ali entered politics to serve the Egyptian people. He eventually became the governor of Egypt and implemented various developments in the country. He also successfully dealt with the El Mamalik, who were causing chaos in Egypt. Due to his efforts, Mohamed Ali became beloved by the Egyptian people. As such, Cairo Top Tours offers daily trips to visit the Muhamed Ali Mosque and enjoy the beauty of this valuable place that reflects the greatness of archaeology and its deep history.

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Egypt Tours FAQ

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Muhammad Ali Pasha, also known as Muhammad Ali of Egypt, was an Albanian soldier and statesman who became the ruler of Egypt in the early 19th century. He is best known for his significant contributions to Egypt's modernization and his role in laying the foundation for the modern Egyptian state. Here are some details about Muhammad Ali Pasha and his contributions to Egypt:

Rise to Power: Muhammad Ali Pasha came to Egypt as part of the Ottoman military expedition sent to Egypt in 1801. Over time, he emerged as a powerful figure and effectively became the de facto ruler of Egypt, although still nominally under Ottoman suzerainty.

Military Reforms: Muhammad Ali implemented sweeping military reforms in Egypt, creating a formidable army that was trained in modern European military techniques. His army played a crucial role in expanding his control over Egypt and neighboring regions.

Industrialization and Infrastructure: One of Muhammad Ali's most significant contributions was his focus on modernizing Egypt's economy and infrastructure. He established various industries, including textile factories, sugar refineries, and armament production. His policies aimed to reduce Egypt's reliance on imported goods.

Agricultural Reforms: To boost agricultural production, Muhammad Ali introduced land reforms and modern farming techniques. He encouraged the cultivation of cash crops such as cotton and increased the efficiency of Egypt's agricultural sector.

Education and Training: Muhammad Ali established schools and training institutions to educate Egyptians in various fields, including science, engineering, and administration. He sought to build a skilled and educated workforce to support his modernization efforts.

Administrative Reforms: He implemented administrative reforms that replaced the traditional feudal system with a more centralized government structure. He created government departments to manage various aspects of the state, including finance and justice.

Infrastructure Projects: Muhammad Ali initiated various infrastructure projects, including the construction of canals, roads, and bridges. One of his notable projects was the modernization of Alexandria's harbor, making it a significant trade hub.

Military Campaigns: Muhammad Ali expanded his control beyond Egypt through military campaigns. He sought to establish an empire that extended into parts of Sudan, the Levant, and Arabia. His territorial ambitions sometimes led to conflicts with other regional powers.

Legacy: Muhammad Ali's modernization efforts laid the foundation for the modern Egyptian state and significantly transformed Egypt's economy, military, and society. His rule is often seen as a crucial period in Egypt's transition from a medieval to a more modern nation.


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