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The Citadel and Mohammed Ali Mosque | Egypt Travel Guide

  • 05 16, 2023

Citadel Saladin in Cairo

Salah El-Din El Ayyubi is a well-known Islamic leader and the founder of the Ayyubid Dynasty who founded The Citadel Of Saladin, which is considered one of the Islamic Cairo attractions at the end of the 12th century. The citadel is considered one of the essential tours in Cairo Day Tours, especially the Islamic Cairo tour. It is also one of the must-see attractions in Cairo, which you will have the opportunity to see when booking one of our Cairo Stopover Tours.

The history of Saladin Citadel

Saladin started to build Salah El-din Castle to be the ruling center of Egypt. It witnessed historical events throughout Egyptian history and for many centuries it was the seat of the government in Egypt. The Ayyubids, the Mamluks, and some Ottomans had a turn ruling over Egypt from the citadel. It has more secrets and surprises that you will only discover by visiting it through Egypt day tours.

One of the most luxurious military castles constructed in the Middle Ages is Salah El-Din Al-Ayoubi Castle, and it is considered one of the most important landmarks of Islamic Cairo. located in the "Castle" neighborhood, on one of the hills separated from Mount Mokattam, on the outskirts of Cairo. The unique location made it a barrier. Consistently high between the cities of Cairo and Fustat. So, it was possible to communicate between the castle and the city in the event of any siege. Saladin decided that Cairo should have a fortified citadel to guard the city against unexpected future foreign attacks, Especially during the threat of the crusaders, who were carrying out military campaigns toward the Middle East during this time. He found many revelations in the Lebanese and Syrian citadels due to how fortified and protective they were, recognizing the importance of having a massive citadel to protect Cairo, he sent all his resources to create the military structure. Cairo Top Tours Recommended adding Saladin Citadel to your Egypt travel packages as it's one of the main attractions of Islamic Cairo.

Muhammed Ali mosque

Mohammed Ali mosque in Cairo

Muhammad Ali is one of the best rulers in Egypt. When Muhammed Ali came to power, he was determined to remove all traces of the influence of the Mamluks, who controlled Egypt for six consecutive centuries. And demolished their palaces within the fortress. Muhammed Ali also built one of Cairo's most famous landmarks.

The astounding Mosque of Mohamed Ali or the Alabaster Mosque was built in memory of a deceased son and towers over the rest of the complex. furthermore to this huge mosque, the Citadel as well includes, full of uniforms and weapons from Egypt's long history, the National Military Museum, the Police Museum, and several more museums allowed to the palace of Muhammed Ali.

The castle has four gates. The old door was known as the door of Mokattam because it is adjacent to the Mokattam tower. This dates back to the Ottoman era. This door was also known as the door of the mountain to supervise the door of Mokattam mountain. From the period, it was a rectangular opening in a very thick wall towards the south of the Mokattam tower. On this door was a memorial plaque bearing the foundational text in the Turkish language in the name Yakon Pasha and the date of construction of the door and the palace dates back to 1785 AD. You will be surprised by the interiors of the Castel when you visit it in one of our best Egypt classic tours.

In 1827, Muhammad Ali Pasha began building a new door to be used in place of the inserted door. Which was the main door of the castle and was created by Nasser Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi in 1183. Wheels, instead he built a new door and paved a sloping path for it to make it easier to get to and descend from the castle. This road is known today as New Gate Street or the quarry railway.

Saladin's castle wall

One of the important military installations that completed the role of the citadel in the Middle Ages, was the wall that Salah Al-Din built around Cairo to defend against any external aggression. The wall that was recently discovered. After Salah al-Din (1171 - 1193 AD) ruled Egypt, he cared for the construction of the area Outside Fatimid Cairo between Bab Zuweila and the Mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulun.

Ahmed Ibn Tulun in Cairo

Ahmad Ibn Tulun Mosque


It was divided into several lines, including the Red Path. Which is still known by this name to this day. This area is topped by the Mosque of Al-Saleh Tala ibn Razik, which is considered the last vestige of the Fatimid era in Egypt. When you visit Saladin Castel through our Egypt travel packages you will be surprised by the enormous walls of the castle.

If you are planning to visit Egypt, then you should consider reviewing our detailed Egypt travel guide. As it is a very unique experience during Egypt Tours that is not comparable with any other Cairo attractions. You can enjoy one of the Egypt luxury tours. All travelers would like to cruise the Nile River during Christmas tours in Egypt. Or while the best weather during Easter tours in Egypt. Covering most historical attractions of Cairo, Aswan, and Luxor day tours as well. That is why our travel information section is meant to be useful before proceeding with Egypt's best tours for those who seek the culture. The history of Egypt, and luxurious accommodation while sailing the Nile Valley.

The citadel of Salah El Din has to be covered by cruise passengers that dock in the various Egyptian ports our Egypt shore excursions can take you to spend quality time in Cairo during Excursions From Sokhna port or even if you only stop in another port we can make it from Port Said shore excursions you can also enjoy all Cairo attractions through one of our Cairo Day Tours. even if you are going to stop over in Cairo don't waste this opportunity to book one of our Cairo Day Tours From the Airport. to explore Cairo's amazing attractions that you can also discover through one of our interesting excursions such as Shore Excursions From Alexandria Port which gives you the chance to visit the Giza pyramids and the Egyptian museum, al-Azhar mosque, and all the historical and magnificent attractions located within Cairo.

Planning any tours to Egypt? or from our varieties of tours from Cairo, you can easily see Saladin Citadel with Cairo Top Tours which includes Salah El Din Citadel in Cairo and other amazing highlights of Egypt.

Salah al-Din Castle or the Castle of the Mountain is a castle located on Mount Mokattam.
 Salah al-Din Castle is a name for a castle that exists in more than one place, and there are three castles known by this name - but the only castle actually built by Saladin, which dates back to the Ayyubid era, is the one in Cairo, Egypt. Salah al-Din Castle in Jordan was built by order of Saladin by  Its leader is Ezz El-Din Osama.  As for the Citadel of Salah al-Din in Syria, it goes back to the Greek eras. While remaining serene in our accompaniment, you will have at your side highly qualified and experienced guides.

In Aswan, there's a cool place called TToshka Project | Toshka Lakes. It's a special spot where you can learn about how people used to live a long time ago in Egypt. You can even imagine yourself being there and see all the amazing things they had in the past.



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Egypt Tours FAQ

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The Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi Citadel stands as a renowned landmark in Islamic Cairo and is an exceptional fortress from the medieval era. Positioned atop the Muqattam Hills, it held a commanding defensive stance and continues to provide an unobstructed, sweeping vista of Cairo.

The Citadel in Cairo is a really old and important building. It was built a long time ago and has been around for many years. It was made by people who wanted to protect the city and keep it safe. It has seen a lot of things happen throughout history and has been used for different purposes by different people.

The 35 Best Traditional Egyptian Dishes to Try 1- Fatta (Egyptian recipe) 2- Koshari (typical Egyptian recipe) 3- Bamia (the Egyptian okra) 4- Egyptian rice with noodles. 5- Malfuf Mahshi. 6- Falafel – Traditional Egyptian food. 7- Ful Medames (Egyptian Beans) 8- Baba Ganoush....


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