The Mastaba of Ti was discovered by Auguste Mariette in 1865. This large and detailed private tomb is not only the finest art of the Old Kingdom, but also one of our main sources of knowledge about life in the Ancient Kingdom of Egypt.
Ti Tomb Saqqara | Ti Tomb in Egypt
Tomb of Ti, an employee of the Fifth Egyptian Dynasty, in the twenty-fourth century BC. The cemetery is located in the northern part of the central Saqqara region, about 500 meters or 1640 feet northwest of the pyramid of Zoser. In Giza Governor-ate, Cairo, Egypt.
King Djoser | King Zoser
Ti was a great servant in the era of the last king of the Fifth Egyptian Dynasty. And he held the post of supervisor of the pyramids of Neferir Ka Ra, Nei User Ra, and the sun temples of Sahure, Nefer Aire Ka Ra, Nefar AFR, and Ne User Ra. The tomb of Tiye, located in Saqqara, has become one of the most famous archaeological sites in Egypt, due to its inscriptions and inscriptions depicting detailed scenes of daily life and funerary scenes
In 1865, Auguste Mariet discovered the tomb of Ti, and the entrance to the tomb leads to a large courtyard with twelve square columns. An empty Ti coffin was found in the burial well in the middle of the outer courtyard. The inscriptions remaining in the courtyard depict the owner of the tomb Ti in scenes of agriculture and other scenes of daily life, and in the southern wall, there are three openings through which the statue of Ti, in the hidden room or basement, can be seen through which the soul and spouse of the deceased can follow the funeral rites that were taking place in the tomb where he was Ti can contact the living world. There is a copy of this statue in the basement now, but the original is in the Egyptian Museum.
A doorway flanked by figures of the dead man and inscriptions leads into a large pillared hall, with a modern timber roof borne on 12 square ancient pillars in which offerings were presented. In the center is a flight of steps leading into a low, sloping passage, which runs the whole length of the building to an antechamber and beyond this, the tomb chamber. The sarcophagus, now empty, completely fills the recess in which it stands.
A door at the far corner of the pillared hall leads into a corridor with reliefs of servants bearing gifts of all kinds into the tomb. Another door opens into a second corridor with paintings of sacrificial animals being slaughtered, and on the right-hand wall, the arrival of the ships in which Ti has inspected his estates in the Delta (note the curious steering gear). Above the entrance door, you can see Ti and his wife in a boat in a thicket of papyrus, while over the door into the chapel, female dancers and singers are depicted. A door on the right leads into a side room, in which the colors of the reliefs are excellently preserved.
In the chapel are two well-preserved and several damaged shipbuilding scenes: shaping the tree trunks; sawing them into planks; construction of the ship, with workmen using adzes, mallets, and crowbars and others fitting the planks together; and Ti standing in one of the ships, inspecting the work. The simple tools used by the workmen (a saw, axe, adze, and drill) are of great interest. While on the south side of the chapel are numerous paintings depicting everyday scenes, including men blowing through long tubes into a furnace in which gold is smelted, sculptors and makers of stone vessels, and a market scene (one man has two jars of oil for sale, another a wallet for which he is being offered a pair of sandals in exchange