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King Ptolemy i Soter | ptolemaic dynasty

  • 05 16, 2023

King Ptolemy i Soter

King of Egypt Ptolemy, a somatophylax, one of the seven bodyguards who served as Alexander the Great's generals and deputies, was appointed satrap (governor) of Egypt after Alexander's death in 323 B.C.E. In 305 B.C.E., he declared himself King Ptolemy I, later known as "Soter" (savior).

Ptolemaic dynasty

The Egyptians soon accepted the Ptolemies as the successors to the pharaohs of independent Egypt. Ptolemy's family ruled Egypt until the Roman conquest of 30 B.C.E. All the male rulers of the dynasty took the name, Ptolemy. Ptolemaic queens, some of whom were the sisters of their husbands, were usually called Cleopatra, Arsinoe, or Berenice.

The most famous member of the line was the last queen, Cleopatra VII, known for her role in the Roman political battles between Julius Caesar and Pompey, and later between Octavian and Mark Antony. Her suicide at the conquest by Rome marked the end of Ptolemaic rule in Egypt. Chauveau says that the "ever-increasing importance assumed by its women" was a distinctive feature of the Ptolemaic dynasty.

Through a visit to Egypt, you can learn more about the Egyptian civilization, especially if you organize your tour with Cairo Top Tours, which always offers the best.

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On his journey to Macedonia for burial, Ptolemy took possession of Alexander the Great's body and temporarily placed it in Memphis until he could construct a tomb for him in Alexandria. Ptolemy later formed an alliance to oppose Perdiccas, the Regent of the Macedonian Emperor Philip III of Macedon, which led to Perdiccas invading Egypt. However, Perdiccas was assassinated by his own officers in 320 BC.

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