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King Unas

  • 05 16, 2023

King Unas | Last King of the 5th Dynasty

It was Unas who created the practice of listing some magic spells on the walls of the tomb. The burial chamber contained the remains of a mummy. These included the skull, shin, and right arm. However, whether these belonged to the king is not known. Near the pyramid, some mastabas contained the burials of the consorts of the king. The pyramid was undoubtedly a rich source of inspiration to many.

The final pharaoh of the Fifth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom was King Unas. Pyramid texts are said to have first appeared in the pyramid of Unas.

Pharaoh of Egypt between 2385 and 2355 B.C. He was the 9th and last pharaoh of the 5th dynasty, the successor to Tancheres (Djedkare-Isesi), perhaps his father. He reigned for thirty years, according to the Royal Papyrus of Turin, or 33 years according to Manetho the great historian, who calls him Wins. His Horus name was not certain.

In his small pyramid, erected in Saqqara, the king had for the first time inscribed, on the inner walls, a series of religious formulas known as the Pyramid Texts, which until his time had been transmitted orally. In fact, they constituted the oldest funeral ritual of humanity. Even though this pyramid was violated in the 9th century, in 1881, it was possible to collect, among other objects, some remains of the king's mummy.

Saqqara is a very valuable place, full of very ancient tourist monuments and tombs of great numbers, which makes it a very famous tourist destination in Egypt.

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Egypt Tours FAQ

Read top Egypt tours FAQs

We have thousands of temples in Egypt, which have been explored by Egyptian scientists. when you come here, you must first know the most famous tourist sites. Aswan is the place that has the most monuments in Egypt. You can visit there, the temple of Kom Ompo, the temple of Abu Sembil, as well as the High Dam. You should not miss the opportunity to see the Pyramids of Giza with the Great Sphinx.

King Unas, also known as Unis, was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh who ruled during the late Fifth Dynasty of Egypt, approximately from 2375 to 2345 BC. His reign is historically significant for several reasons:

Pyramid Texts: King Unas is primarily known for being the first Pharaoh to have the Pyramid Texts inscribed inside his pyramid. These Pyramid Texts are a collection of religious and magical spells, prayers, and incantations designed to guide and protect the Pharaoh in the afterlife. They are considered among the oldest religious texts in the world and provide invaluable insights into ancient Egyptian beliefs about the afterlife, the Pharaoh's role as a divine ruler, and religious practices.

Funerary Complex: King Unas' pyramid complex, located at Saqqara, includes his pyramid, a mortuary temple, a causeway, and a valley temple. The inscriptions within the pyramid and its burial chamber contain the Pyramid Texts, making this complex an important archaeological and religious site.

Religious Significance: Unas' reign is associated with a renewed emphasis on religious practices and the Pharaoh's role as a divine intermediary. The Pyramid Texts reflect the belief in the Pharaoh's divine nature and his association with the sun god Ra.

Cultural Contributions: The Pyramid Texts contain rich mythological and religious narratives that shed light on ancient Egyptian cosmology and the mythology of the time. These texts played a significant role in shaping the religious beliefs and practices of the era.

End of an Era: King Unas' reign marked the end of the Old Kingdom period in Egypt. While his reign itself was relatively stable, the subsequent Sixth Dynasty saw the decline of central authority and the fragmentation of power among regional rulers. This marked the transition from the Old Kingdom to the First Intermediate Period, a period of political and social upheaval in Egyptian history.

Legacy: The pyramid texts inscribed in Unas' pyramid served as a template for future Pharaohs and their funerary texts. Subsequent rulers of the Sixth Dynasty continued to include pyramid texts in their pyramids, preserving and expanding upon this important religious tradition.

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