King Userkaf



Userkaf is the founder of the Fifth Dynasty and the first ruler of it who ruled Egypt for 7years. His name means (his soul is strong). He started the way of building the Mortuary Temples at Abu Sir. He also built his pyramid complex at Saqqara.


During his reign, the influence of the priesthood of Heliopolis and the solar cult of Amun had its main center in that city. Proof of this was the erection of the first solar temple, in Abu Ghurab, structure that will become usual throughout the 5th dynasty; of the temple, known as the Court of the offerings of Ra, only a few traces remain: however, one of his titles in a palette was found, among the masterpieces of the art of the time.

Userkaf's reign might have witnessed a recrudescence of trade between Egypt and its Mediterranean neighbor's thanks to a series of marine expeditions, which are represented in his mortuary temple. His mortuary temple was more complex than the common pattern and richly decorated, and with a colossal statue of the king. It is unusual in having its mortuary temple located to the south, not facing the River Nile.

He built a pyramid very close to the Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara. His pyramid called (El Haram el Mekharbesh)or (the Ruined Pyramid). His Pyramid appears as a block of rubble. Today we can see its basalt door opened. Userkaf wanted to be close to  Djoser's step pyramid and this location is probably for political and dynastic reasons, that's why he erected his Pyramid far from the necropolis of his ancestors at Abu Sir.

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Visit Saqqara to see the Step Pyramid of King Djoser and the 5th dynasty pyramid of Userkaf, before exploring Giza Necropolis and Abo Rawash to view the magnificent pyramids of the old kingdom built by Djedefre and Huni as well as Giza pyramids and enjoy many things to do in Cairo during you fascinating Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages and Egypt day tours if your tour includes few days to be spent here in Cairo you can have one of the full Cairo Day tours otherwise of a layover in Cairo on your way to another country it will be a great possibility to  book a trip from Cairo day tours from airport like:

Cairo Stopover Tour.

Cairo Layover Tours to Giza Pyramids and Sphinx from Cairo airport.

Pyramids Tour from Cairo Airport.

- Day tour to Giza pyramids & Sphinx, Memphis, Saqqara and Dahshur.

- Cairo day tour to Saqqara, Memphis and Dahshur.

- Tour to Giza Pyramids.

- Cairo day to tour to Saqqara and Memphis.

- Old Cairo Tour | Egyptian Museum Tour.

- Day Tour to Giza Pyramids, Memphis and Saqqara.

- Cairo Stopover Transit Tour.

- Cairo Short Break

Cairo city break.

- Half day tour to Giza Pyramids and Sphinx.

- Bahariya Oasis and White Desert tour from Cairo.

- Day trip to Luxor from Cairo by flight.

- Giza Pyramids Camel Ride.

- 2 Days Safari to the white desert and Bahariya oasis tour from Cairo

- Day trip to Alexandria from Cairo.

- 3 Days Bahariya Oasis Tour from Cairo.

- Giza Pyramids sound and light show.

- Felucca Ride on the Nile in Cairo.

- Nile Dinner Cruise in Cairo.

- Quad Biking around Giza Pyramids.

- Mount Sinai Tours from Cairo.

- Day Tour to El Fayoum from Cairo.

Day tour to Wadi El Natroun Monasteries.

- Coptic and Islamic Cairo Tour.

- Day Tour to the Red Sea El Ain El Sokhna from Cairo.

- El Alamein Day Tour from Cairo.

- Suez Canal Day Trip from Cairo.

- Day tour to the Camel Market in Cairo.

- Pharaonic Village tour in Cairo.

- Day tour to Tanis, Bubastis and the Suez Canal from Cairo.

- El Minya tour from Cairo.

- Grand Egyptian Museum Tour from Cairo.

- Half Day tour to the Grand Egyptian Museum.

- Snorkeling trip to Ain Sokhna from Cairo.

- Tanoura dance show in Cairo.

- Day tour to Giza Pyramids and Saqqara Necropolis from Cairo.

- Giza Pyramids and Saqqara day trip with Camel Ride.

- Day tour to Giza Pyramids and Memphis City.

- Cairo Day Trip to Giza Pyramids and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Cairo Day Tour to Sakkara and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Day tour to Dahshur, Saqqara and Maidum from Cairo.

Day tour to Dahshur, Memphis and Maidum from Cairo.

Day tour to Giza Pyramids, Dahshur, and Maidum from Cairo.

- Tour to Giza Pyramids and Meidum from Cairo.

Tour to Giza Pyramids Meidum and Saqqara from Cairo.

Tour to Giza PyramidsMemphis and Meidum from Cairo.

- Two days trip to El Minya from Cairo.

- Siwa Oasis from Cairo.

- Cairo by Night Tour.

- Nile Cruise Cairo Lunch.

- Cairo Shopping Tour.

- Egypt countryside trip.

- Walking tour in Cairo.

- Half-day tour to Memphis and Dahshur.

- Islamic Cairo Tour.

- Cairo unusual tour to have breakfast in an Egyptian Village.

- Cairo unusual tour to visit an Egyptian Village.

- Unusual day trip to the mosques of Albayt in Cairo.

- Unusual tour to Coptic Cairo and the Cave Church of Saint Simon.

- Tour to Giza Pyramids, Islamic Cairo and Khan El Khalili Bazaar.

- Tour to Pyramids, Egyptian Museum and Coptic Cairo.

- Cairo day tour to Saqqara, Memphis and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Half day tour to the Egyptian Museum.