Userkaf is the founder of the Fifth Dynasty and the first ruler of it who ruled Egypt for 7years. His name means (his soul is strong). He started the way of building the Mortuary Temples at Abu Sir. He also built his pyramid complex at Saqqara.
During his reign, the influence of the priesthood of Heliopolis and the solar cult of Amun had its main center in that city. Proof of this was the erection of the first solar temple, in Abu Ghurab, structure that will become usual throughout the 5th dynasty; of the temple, known as the Court of the offerings of Ra, only a few traces remain: however, one of his titles in a palette was found, among the masterpieces of the art of the time.
Userkaf's reign might have witnessed a recrudescence of trade between Egypt and its Mediterranean neighbor's thanks to a series of marine expeditions, which are represented in his mortuary temple. His mortuary temple was more complex than the common pattern and richly decorated, and with a colossal statue of the king. It is unusual in having its mortuary temple located to the south, not facing the River Nile.
He built a pyramid very close to the Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara. His pyramid called (El Haram el Mekharbesh)or (the Ruined Pyramid). His Pyramid appears as a block of rubble. Today we can see its basalt door opened. Userkaf wanted to be close to Djoser's step pyramid and this location is probably for political and dynastic reasons, that's why he erected his Pyramid far from the necropolis of his ancestors at Abu Sir.
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Visit Saqqara to see the Step Pyramid of King Djoser and the 5th dynasty pyramid of Userkaf, before exploring Giza Necropolis and Abo Rawash to view the magnificent pyramids of the old kingdom built by Djedefre and Huni as well as Giza pyramids and enjoy many things to do in Cairo during you fascinating Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages and Egypt day tours if your tour includes few days to be spent here in Cairo you can have one of the full Cairo Day tours otherwise of a layover in Cairo on your way to another country it will be a great possibility to book a trip from Cairo day tours from airport like:
- Giza Pyramids Camel Ride.