The Ramesseum in Luxor



The Ramesseum Temple is one of the funerary temples that were built for the dead in ancient Egypt . built by King Ramses II, the greatest king for whom temples were built. The temple includes huge statues of King Ramses II, and an important aspect of the inscriptions that tell the nature of life in that period, and the images and inscriptions that decorate the wall of the temple record the events of the famous Battle of Kadesh, in which King Ramses II won over the Hittites and how he planned the war.


Ramses II Temple in Luxor 

Ramses II of the new kingdom, who ruled Egypt for about 67 years during the 19th dynasty, built this funerary temple to assert its eternal greatness and proclaim its glory. The vast complex that was built more than 20 years, today is almost all in ruins.

The Ramesseum originally consisted of a central temple flanked by two small shrines dedicated to the mother, Tuya who was the wife of Seti I, and his beloved wife, Queen Nefertari, a royal palace, and some deposits.

The Ramesseum in Luxor

Dedicated to God Amun, it housed the colossal statue of Ramses II, almost 20 meters high and weighing about 1000 tons. From the huge fallen statue, today only a few scattered fragments remain.

Its structure also inspired the temple of Medinet Habu, later built by Ramses III. To better understand the architecture of Ramesseum, it is advisable to first visit the temple of Medinet Habu, where visitors see the building as originally designed, with front access, from the first pylon, while at the Ramesseum the entrance is on the side, through the second courtyard.