Valley of the Nobles

A place where nobles live in the Valley of the Nobles. This is the best cemetery after the Kings Valley and Queens Valley, where the nobles follow the kings and priests.

Valley of the Nobles in Luxor

The Valley of the Nobles groups three tombs; Cheikh Abd el-Gournah, Assassin, and El Khokkah. The tombs of the nobles stand out from the royal tombs for their architectural simplicity and for their decorative elements inspired by the daily life of Ancient Egypt.

Located in a large area in the south of the Valley of the Kings, near the hillside village of Quma, there are about 400 noble and high-ranking tombs, mostly from the New Kingdom.

Only a part of the tombs are open to the public, the most important among them all is around 13. The tombs are divided into five groups, belonging to five areas. To access the tombs you need a ticket, to be purchased in advance at the West Bank ticket office.

While the tombs of the pharaohs were hidden in an isolated valley, those of the dignitaries The interior of Userhat's tomb is closer to the surface of the hills facing the Nile and all have a rich decoration, which testifies to the activities of the daily life of 4500 years ago.

Since the limestone of the area is of poor quality, the tombs are painted and the carved reliefs are very few. The suggestive images that adorn the walls offer us an invaluable testimony of everyday life in ancient Egypt.

Group 1: The tombs of Khonsu (n. 31), Userhat (n. 51), and Benia (n. 343)
The group of three tombs is located 90 m east of the previous ones. Khonsu was one of the advisers of Thutmose III, his tomb is decorated with painted reliefs, many of which have unfortunately deteriorated.

God Khonsu | God of the Moon

God Khonsu | God of the Moon


Group 2: The Tombs of Nakht (n. 52) and Menna (n. 69)
The Egyptologists say that these two tombs, belonging to the reign of Amenhotep III, are the work of a single artist. Both show rural life scenes illustrating plowing, planting, and harvesting, as well as hunting and fishing scenes.

Group 3: The tombs of Ramose ( n.55 ), Userhat ( n.56 ), and Hkaemhat ( n.57 )
Located north of Ramesseum, behind a small alabaster manufacturer, the three tombs are close to the main road. Ramose was governor of Thebes and vizier during the reigns of Amenhotep III and Akhenaten. His grave is the largest of all and contains a hypostyle hall supported by several columns. Only one wall is painted: it reproduces the funeral of the deceased, with the processional procession where the bearers bearing the funeral outfit stand out.

Group 4: The tombs of Sennefer (n. 96) and Rekhmira (n. 100)
They are two very elegant tombs, of a different design from the others. Sennefer was a court dignitary at the time of Amenhotep II, very much in love with his wife: on the four pillars that support the carve carved out of the rock, the couple is reproduced no less than 14 times, in affectionate attitudes.

Group 5: The tombs of Neferrenpet (178), Djehutimes (295) and Nefersekheru (296)
To the east of the tomb of Menna (69), not far away are these three burials which are probably the least relevant among the Tombs of the Nobles, also if they still have beautiful ceilings decorated with geometric patterns.

And I can't miss the tomb of Nefertari, the internal configuration room on the left inside the tomb includes the southern and northern gods and is painted in the form of snakes. On the wall, you will find engravings of Lamisti and Dawamut F, while they are preparing a dwelling for Queen Nefertari in the Holy Land. On the right wall of the room, you will find a drawing of Horus, and on the back wall, drawings of the names and titles of the queen, with inscriptions of Thoth holding a pillar on which to lean.

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