It is the old city and castle in the heart of the Siwa oasis in the Libyan desert in Egypt.it was named Shali in the local Siwan dialect and was built by the Syrians. They used it to defend themselves from other neighboring tribes.
Shali Fortress in Siwa Oasis, Egypt
Siwa is the most isolated of all Egyptian Oases located on the borders between Egypt and Lybia, about 350 kilometers far from the Mediterranean coast in the heart of the Sahara desert.
The Shali Fortress is an old fortress in Siwa Oasis that you can visit when you travel from Cairo to Siwa Oasis, it is one of the unique tourist attractions that you can visit in the Trips from Cairo to Siwa Oasis.
Many tourists come from all over the world to visit it as it has many kinds of attractions to enjoy during your Egypt Travel Packages or while having your Cairo Day Tours such as the natural water warm water springs, which are used for natural treatment and historical sights such as the Temple of the Oracle, Temple of Amun, and the Mountain of the Dead.
In the center of Siwa, the ruins of the fortress of Shali of the 13th Century are imposed. Constructed from a material known as a kerchief, "(a mixture of salt rocks from the salt lakes of the region and clay). was built to protect the inhabitants from Bedouin attacks. Interestingly, with just one heavy rain in the year 1936, Shali began to crumble.
On the way up there is the entrance of a mosque that was the only original building of the renovated Shali. Along the way there are also handicraft and fabric shops, all very original and different from those found in the rest of Egypt, it is worth visiting for those who want to bring souvenirs of this unique region.
The people of Siwa speak their unique and rare language called the Amazigh language. They are mostly Berbers who settled in the region and their origins are from Syrian and Lybian tribes.
The term "Berber" comes from the term "barbarous" that uses the Greeks and Romans to designate any people who do not speak their languages and are not part of their cultures.
This language includes a series of variants spoken in different countries such as Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, Mali, Niger, Egypt.