The "Black Desert" in the Bahariya Oasis is one of the most important natural tourist attractions in Egypt and the world, it is formed by mountains of volcanic rocks scattered like an archipelago of islands.
The Black Mountain in Bahariya Oasis
The Black Mountains are located between the White Desert in the center of Farafra and the marine oases, but they are more close to the marine oases than the Farafra oasis, but they follow the new valley administratively and are about 50 km from the city of Bawiti of the marine oases.
It was named by this name because of the presence of a layer of black powder covering that desert, as well as the presence of rocks and mountains covered in black and was the result of the erosion of rocks, and there that desert volcanic black hills and raging, enjoying charming magical views, especially at sunrise and sunset, as well as lunar nights appear That desert as an oil painting of an eco-resort in the desert.
In 2010, the government declared the Black Desert and Marine Oasis regions natural reserves due to their richness and biological diversity as a global scientific research area, after the discovery of the second largest structure of a dinosaur in the world near the mountains of Dest and the ladle on the borders of the Black Desert in an area adjacent to Bwiti
The Black Mountains are linked to some historical events that date back to the English occupation of Egypt, such as "the English Mountain", which was named for the concentration of the English forces on it during the period of the British occupation of the oasis, and the ruins on its summit date back to the period of the First World War. The mountain is distinguished by its blacktop because it contains basalt stones, and it is one of the volcanic rocks that indicate ancient volcanic activity in the region, and it reaches a height of 200 meters. The importance of the British mountain site is that it is located in the middle of the urban range in the marine oases.
If there is a modern road taking to Siwa Oasis from Cairo, there is also a new highway that eases the White Desert tour from Cairo, little to the North of the White Desert, an area of chalk formations carved yearly during the sand storms into such beautiful shapes where tourists love to go and take pictures.