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King Khufu | Cheops | Owner of the Great Pyramid

  • 05 16, 2023

King Khufu (2609 BC - 2584 BC) 

The 4th dynasty's second pharaoh in ancient Egypt was known by the name Khufu. Mostly, he is renowned for having constructed one of the seven wonders of the world, the largest pyramid in Egypt, on the Giza plateau. Since his biography is so lacking, we do not know a great deal about his life.

Traditionally, twenty-three years of reign have been attributed to him although many experts, based on the vastness of his ambitious building program, believe that he reigned much longer; for his part, Herodotus claims that his reign lasted fifty years.

Most remarkable Works of King Khufu:

It can be so difficult to imagine such an immense structure; the fact that the whole of London's parliament and Saint Paul's Cathedral could be contained there comfortably may perhaps help you get an idea.
Napoleon Bonaparte, the passionate admirer of Egyptian antiquities, was so impressed by his visit to the plateau of Giza that (thanks to the help of his mathematicians) he was able to officially announce that in the three pyramids, there was enough stone to build a three-meter high wall that surrounded the whole territory of France.

Cheops Owner of the Great Pyramid

The Great Pyramid is, among all, the one aligned most precisely. It is clear that the orientation had to be very important for engineers and supervisors. However, we do not know for sure if such precision was a practical response to the Bent Pyramid in Dahshur and Meidum accidents, or if at the base there was simply a religious need that made it necessary to align the funeral chamber (and consequently the body of the deceased pharaoh).

 In any case, whatever the reasons, the final result leaves no room for doubt. The sides of the pyramid of Cheops are oriented almost exactly to the north, while the pyramids that would later have been built, first by his son Chephren and then by his grandson Mycerinus, would have been aligned with each other and with respect to the elements of the complex of the Great Pyramid which is a must-see site during your trip to Egypt.

Here, Cheops was to be buried for eternity in his Aswan red granite sarcophagus. However, some Egyptologists believe that all three rooms were part of the original plan; in particular, the "Queen's Chamber" would have served as a Serdab room, in which a statue of the late pharaoh was to serve as a substitute for his body. Five rooms were built above the "King's Chamber" to lighten the structure, an innovation that served to distribute the load of the pyramid that would otherwise have overloaded the ceiling of the burial chamber. Without worrying about how to understand the key terms of Egyptian history, we will see an Egyptologist guide, who will meet your expectations.

One of the most famous rumors is that Pharaoh Khufu does not have any statues except the ivory statue, but this is not true because many other statues have been found, but the ivory statue is the most famous of them because it depicts the entire face of the king. Other statues have been found and scholars have determined that they belong to King Khufu. You can see these statues when you visit the city of Giza, and the most famous of them were transferred to the Egyptian Museum, which is located in a distinctive structure in Tahrir Square, Cairo, where the oldest collection of Pharaonic art and monuments can be found.

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King Cheops, also known as Khufu, was an ancient Egyptian Pharaoh who ruled during the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom period, around 2580–2560 BC. He is best known for commissioning the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the most iconic and enduring architectural wonders in human history. Here are some details about King Cheops and his contributions to ancient Egypt:

   The Great Pyramid: King Cheops is primarily remembered for overseeing the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza, which was built as his tomb. It is the largest and most famous of the three pyramids on the Giza Plateau and was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.

   Architectural Achievement: The Great Pyramid is a masterpiece of ancient engineering and architecture. It consists of approximately 2.3 million limestone and granite blocks, each weighing several tons. The precision with which the pyramid was constructed, its alignment with the cardinal points, and its mathematical and astronomical significance continue to astonish scholars and visitors alike.

   Complex of Giza: In addition to the Great Pyramid, King Cheops' pyramid complex included a mortuary temple, a valley temple, and smaller satellite pyramids for family members and officials. These structures were part of the elaborate funerary cult that honored the Pharaoh after his death.

   Boat Pits: Near the Great Pyramid, a boat pit containing a disassembled solar boat was discovered. This boat, known as the Khufu Ship, is believed to have been intended to carry the Pharaoh's soul through the afterlife.

   Stela of Khufu: An ancient stela, known as the "Stela of Khufu," was discovered near the Great Pyramid. It bears inscriptions that mention the construction of the pyramid and Khufu's religious dedication.

   Economic Impact: The construction of the Great Pyramid required a significant labor force and vast resources. It likely had a considerable impact on the economy of ancient Egypt during Khufu's reign.

   Legacy: The enduring legacy of King Cheops lies in the monumental structure he built. The Great Pyramid continues to be a symbol of Egypt's rich history and the achievements of its ancient civilization.


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