King Khufu (2609 BC - 2584 BC)
The 4th dynasty's second pharaoh in ancient Egypt was known by the name Khufu. Mostly, he is renowned for having constructed one of the seven wonders of the world, the largest pyramid in Egypt, on the Giza plateau. Since his biography is so lacking, we do not know a great deal about his life.
Traditionally, twenty-three years of reign have been attributed to him although many experts, based on the vastness of his ambitious building program, believe that he reigned much longer; for his part, Herodotus claims that his reign lasted fifty years.
Most remarkable Works of King Khufu:
It can be so difficult to imagine such an immense structure; the fact that the whole of London's parliament and Saint Paul's Cathedral could be contained there comfortably may perhaps help you get an idea.
Napoleon Bonaparte, the passionate admirer of Egyptian antiquities, was so impressed by his visit to the plateau of Giza that (thanks to the help of his mathematicians) he was able to officially announce that in the three pyramids, there was enough stone to build a three-meter high wall that surrounded the whole territory of France.
Cheops Owner of the Great Pyramid
The Great Pyramid is, among all, the one aligned most precisely. It is clear that the orientation had to be very important for engineers and supervisors. However, we do not know for sure if such precision was a practical response to the Bent Pyramid in Dahshur and Meidum accidents, or if at the base there was simply a religious need that made it necessary to align the funeral chamber (and consequently the body of the deceased pharaoh).
In any case, whatever the reasons, the final result leaves no room for doubt. The sides of the pyramid of Cheops are oriented almost exactly to the north, while the pyramids that would later have been built, first by his son Chephren and then by his grandson Mycerinus, would have been aligned with each other and with respect to the elements of the complex of the Great Pyramid which is a must-see site during your trip to Egypt.
Here, Cheops was to be buried for eternity in his Aswan red granite sarcophagus. However, some Egyptologists believe that all three rooms were part of the original plan; in particular, the "Queen's Chamber" would have served as a Serdab room, in which a statue of the late pharaoh was to serve as a substitute for his body. Five rooms were built above the "King's Chamber" to lighten the structure, an innovation that served to distribute the load of the pyramid that would otherwise have overloaded the ceiling of the burial chamber. Without worrying about how to understand the key terms of Egyptian history, we will see an Egyptologist guide, who will meet your expectations.
One of the most famous rumors is that Pharaoh Khufu does not have any statues except the ivory statue, but this is not true because many other statues have been found, but the ivory statue is the most famous of them because it depicts the entire face of the king. Other statues have been found and scholars have determined that they belong to King Khufu. You can see these statues when you visit the city of Giza, and the most famous of them were transferred to the Egyptian Museum, which is located in a distinctive structure in Tahrir Square, Cairo, where the oldest collection of Pharaonic art and monuments can be found.