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Giza - Ancient History Encyclopedia

  • 05 16, 2023

Giza City 

Giza is an Egyptian governorate located directly on the Nile River, that is, it is administratively affiliated with the Greater Cairo Governorate, and Giza borders it to the north within Beheira Governorate, Beni Suef Governorate from the south, to the west from the Menoufia Governorate, and from the east Cairo Governorate, which states that the Pharaohs established their civilization in Giza.

Giza is characterized by stunning natural scenery, which includes mountains and oases, and is characterized by a mild climate and abundant eyes of cold water and hot mineral. Massive obituary.

Ancient History Encyclopedia

Giza highlights
The Pyramids of Giza are an archeological and tourist attraction of the highest order. These pyramids are located on a plateau on the bank of the west of the Nile River, which is three pyramids as royal tombs for the kings of the pharaohs in the past and date back to two thousand five hundred and fifty years BC, and they still maintain their condition well, for every pyramid is A tomb of a king who built and was buried there, the most famous of which is the pyramid of Khufu, Khafra, and Menkaure.

Greater Cairo 

The Sphinx statue is a statue sculpted from colored limestone rock located opposite the pyramid of Khafre. The statue is composed of a human head that is said to be the face of King Khufu, the father of King Khafra. The body is a lion's body as a symbol of strength, and there are many sayings for the purpose of building this statue. Close to offerings, the goal of its construction is still under study and research.


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Egypt Tours FAQ

Read top Egypt tours FAQs

Giza City, located near Cairo, is most famous for being home to the Great Pyramids of Giza, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. While the pyramids are the primary attraction, there are several exciting tours and experiences you can enjoy in and around Giza City:

The Great Pyramids of Giza: A visit to the pyramids is a must. Explore the Pyramids of Khufu (Cheops), Khafre (Chephren), and Menkaure and marvel at these ancient architectural wonders. You can also enter some of the pyramids and explore the inner chambers.

Sphinx: Adjacent to the pyramids, the Sphinx is an iconic symbol of Egypt. This colossal statue with the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh is a remarkable sight.

Sound and Light Show: Experience the pyramids and the Sphinx in a different light with the evening sound and light show, where historical stories are narrated using light and sound effects.

Camel and horseback riding: Enjoy a camel or horseback ride around the pyramids' complex. It's a fun way to explore the area and take in the breathtaking views.

Solar Boat Museum: Visit the Solar Boat Museum near the Great Pyramid, where you can see the reconstructed solar boat of Pharaoh Khufu, which was buried near his pyramid.

Giza Plateau: Explore the surrounding Giza Plateau, where you can find smaller pyramids, ancient tombs, and ruins. Some of these sites are less crowded and offer a more peaceful atmosphere.

Saqqara: While not in Giza City itself, the Saqqara Necropolis is nearby and home to the Step Pyramid of Djoser, considered the world's oldest large-scale cut-stone construction.

Memphis: Visit the ancient capital of Egypt, Memphis, where you can see the colossal statue of Ramses II and other artifacts at the open-air museum.

Egyptian Museum in Cairo: Though not in Giza, the Egyptian Museum in Cairo houses an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts, including treasures from Tutankhamun's tomb.

Felucca Ride on the Nile: Take a relaxing boat ride on the Nile River to enjoy the scenic views of Cairo and Giza from the water.

Local Markets: Explore local markets and bazaars to shop for souvenirs, spices, textiles, and traditional Egyptian handicrafts.

Culinary Tours: Savor Egyptian cuisine by trying local dishes and street food. Don't forget to try traditional Egyptian dishes like koshari and falafel.


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