The temple of Kalabsha in Aswan was built from sandstone rocks and is considered one of the most important temples of the unique Nubian architectural style. And the second largest of the temples that merged the Egyptian and Nubian styles, after Abu Simbel.
Some manuscripts and researches showed that the temple is not located in its original place, but that the site of the temple is currently on the west bank of the Nile after the High Dam, where it was moved to protect it from high water and in anticipation of any floods.
The construction of this temple dates back to the first "early" Roman era around 30 B.C when it was built for the worship of the "god Mandulis" who was the Nubian sun god who had been worshipped during that time in the region.
The temple was made on the ruins of a sanctuary for King Amenhotep the Second. The temple design is the most popular design in that period of the Ptolemaic period. It contains a large platform connected to the rest of the complex by a wall, which creates a closed space, and there are also stairs on the roof that provide a wonderful view of Lake Nasser. On the wall separating the courtyard and the pillared hall, there is an inscription by Aurelius Pisarion, the ruler of Ambos and Aswan, declared in the inscription the expulsion of pigs from the town for religious reasons. As for the back of the corridor, scenes are describing Ptolemaic-era kings presenting offerings to Isis and God Mandalas. Various scenes show the king surrounded by the gods of Upper and Lower Egypt, where there are Amun and Ptah, and the king receives the holy purification water from Horus.
Tourists from all over the world come through Egypt to travel packages to see this temple, which today is considered one of the greatest examples of Egyptian architecture in Nubia.
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